State Pollution Control Board (SPCB)
Every state has its own Pollution Control Board (PCB) or Pollution Control Committee (PCC). The main function of every PCB/PCC is to create awareness among the people regarding the sustainable development to improve environmental quality of the State with the help of all the stakeholders.
The State Pollution Control Board works under the Supervision of CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board). The CPCB has provided all its function and powers to the SPCB.
The SPCB is an organization established to implement Environmental laws and rules within the concerned state’s jurisdiction. The State Water Pollution Prevention and Control Board is constituted under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
What are the objectives of State Pollution Control Board?
Following are the main objectives of the State Pollution Control Board:
- It ensures the prevention of natural resources.
- Sustainable development for the economic growth of the nation along with environmental protection and social equity.
- Works toward the effective waste management for the protection of environment.
- To increase customer awareness among the general public so that they can avoid the use of firecrackers, plastics, private transports, etc.
- To convince people for using paper bags, public transport, CFL, etc. This will help in reducing the pollution.
Significant functions of the Board
As defined in the Air Act 1981and Water Act, 1974, the principal function of the board included prevention, abatement, and control of air and water pollution.
Moreover, the primary motive is to assist the entrepreneurs and industries to discharge their daily basic responsibilities to safe guard the environment.
Apart from this, the major functions of the State Pollution Control Board are as follows:
- Issuance of NOC (No-Objection Certificates) from the viewpoint of the environmental pollution including of the site from the environmental angle.
- Assessment of quality’s ambient air.
- Assessment of inland surface waters’ quality
- Issuance of the Consent under provisions of Section 21 of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
- Issue of Consent under provisions of section 25/26 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
- Collection and assessment of Water Cess, under the provision of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977.
- Assessment and Identification of municipal and industrial pollution sources and control.
- Mass awareness programmes.
- Development of Pollution Control technologies.
- Notification of emission and effluent standards.
- Instituting legal action against defaulters.
- Implementing Biomedical Waste Rules, 1998.
- Issuance of Authorization under the Hazardous Waste Management Rule, 1989.
- Identifying the onsite crisis management plans, isolated storages, etc. under the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989.
Classification of State Pollution Control Board and Business Activities
The industries under SPCB are classified into three categories namely:
The industries are so categorised to bring uniformity in categorising the industrial sectors across the country.
Therefore, businesses falling under Red, Orange, Green categories have to apply for Consent to Operate (CTO) and Consent to Establish (CTE) under the Air and Water Act.
As per the new finalized list of CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board), the categorization depends on the relative pollution each industrial sector generates. This includes
- Red Category- 85 Industries
- Orange Category- 73 Industries
- Green category- 86 Industries
- The newly introduced White Category- more than 100.
There are several laws that apply under State Pollution Control Board. They are as follows:
- Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977
- Environmental Protection Act, 1986
- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
What are the eligibility criteria for the issuance of State Pollution Control Board Consent?
The eligibility criteria for issuance of State Board Consent are:
- Place of the unit
- The application must be completely filled
- Permissibility of the activity as per MPD-2001
- Installation of Emission Control System (ECS)/Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs), if required
- Status of D.G. Sets and enclosures over them
- Findings at the time ofinspections (in case of orange category)
Why is obtaining the State Pollution Control Board CTE/CTO/Authorization necessary?
Obtaining the consent of State Pollution Control Board is essential because of the following reasons-
- To establish new industry or continue the existing one
- For getting new Electricity connection or continuing the same
- For getting new Water connection or continuing the same
- To obtain a license from Municipal Authority
- Renewal of Municipal License
- Renewal of or obtaining eating house license
- For getting No-Objection Certificate from the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA)
- For gettingFire NOC
- Obtaining International Trade License
Who are required to take the SPCB CTE/CTO/Authorisation?
Following entities are entitled to obtain Consent from the State Pollution Control Board:
- Health care Establishments
- Manufacturing Entities
- Solid Waste Management entities
- E-waste Management entities
- Plastic Waste Management entities
- Battery Waste Management entities
- Hazardous Waste Management entities
- Bio-Medical Waste Management entities
Document required under Orange and Green Category
- Authorized Pan card of the entity
- GST certificate
- Ownership proof of the site
- Electricity Bill/Water Bill
- Copy of Aadhaar card which should be linked with the updated Mobile number
- Pan card of the Company or Partnership Firm
- Authorization letter (applicable for companies)
- Municipal/Industry license
- Factory/Trade/health Trade License
- Registration proof of the Unit
- CA letter for total project cost
- Site Plan of the project
- FSSAI License for food businesses
Validity of State Pollution Control Board CTE/CTO/Authorization
The State Pollution Control Board CTE/CTO/Authorisation under the Orange Category is granted for a maximum of five years. However, the same is issued under the Green Category for a maximum of ten years.
After a specific period, the applicant needs to renew it. Any business entity which is going to experience any change in business activities, expansion, etc. must file a fresh CTE/CTO with the SPCB.