NBFC Asset Liability Management System

Ensure compliance and boost performance with our NBFC asset liability management solutions. Contact Us Now!

100000 + Happy Customer

100000 +

Happy Customer

50000 + CA & Lawyers

50000 +

CA & Lawyers

50 + Offices

50 +


Rated at 4.9 By 30000 + Customers Globally

Google Reviews

9,500+ Happy Reviews4.8/5 | 9,500+ Happy Reviews


Rated at 4.8 Rated at 4.8/5 9,500+ Happy Reviews

What is NBFC Asset Liability Management?

NBFC asset liability management is a strategic framework that promotes financial stability and business growth. Asset Liability Management, commonly known as liquidity risk management, plays a crucial role in shaping the financial background of Non-Banking Financial Companies in the dynamic financial sector.

Simply, NBFCs can opt for an active solution to align and manage their assets and liabilities (in terms of cash flow management). Precision and understanding are needed for solid financial planning to mitigate long-term risks.

Our asset liability management strategies are adequate for the sustainable growth and stability of Non-Banking Financial Institutions. Entrust our NBFC asset liability management effective strategies optimizing the capital structure for aligning the assets and liabilities and ensuring liquidity to meet financial obligations by minimizing interest rate fluctuation.

Why Does NBFC Require Risk Management?

The NBFC registration, which is governed under a diverse regulatory framework, also faces several risk factors that need to be tackled under a robust NBFC asset management liability framework safeguarding potential financial crises and enhances the overall resilience and competitiveness of NBFCs in the market.

The increasing competition among businesses has pressurized the need for an NBFC asset liability management system that safeguards and manages the assets and liabilities for the following reasons:

1. Mitigating Risk

The need for asset liability management in NBFC identifies, assesses, and mitigates various financial risks or future challenges, including interest rate risk, liquidity risk, market risk, etc. The NBFCs need to minimize the impact of adverse market conditions and economic fluctuation by aligning with assets and liabilities.

2. Financial Stability

The NBFC asset liability management system maintains a stable and healthy financial position by avoiding mismatches between assets and liabilities. It also contributes to the overall stability of non-banking financial institutions through reduced financial crises and maintained continuity of operations.

3. Regulatory Compliance

The NBFC asset liability management service helps in following regulatory requirements and other essential regulatory compliances. Adhering to asset liability management regulations enhances NBFCs' creditability in the eyes of stakeholders.

4. Capital Optimization

The NBFC asset liability management helps to optimize its capital structure and ensure the allocation of funds to support business operations for growth. Our experts also help manage capital ratios to meet regulatory capital requirements.

5. Management of Liquidity

One important aspect is liquidity management, so our experts assist in liquidity management to ensure that NBFCs have access to funds to meet short—and long-term obligations.

6. Sustainable Growth

Our NBFC asset liability management services contribute to NBFCs' sustainable growth by helping them manage risk, seize opportunities, and maintain financial stability. They also assist NBFCs in changing market dynamics and maintaining favourable business conditions.

7. Gaining Confidence

A robust asset liability management framework enhances investors' and stakeholders' confidence in NBFCs to demonstrate financial management and risk mitigation to attract the interest of shareholders, creditors, and other stakeholders.

Key Pillar of NBFC Asset Liability Management System

The NBFC Asset Liability Management system is designed to work on the following key pillars. The NBFCs must function their asset liability management system based on the following three key pillars as explained below:

1. Asset Liability Management Information System (MIS)

The NBFC asset liability management information system is dedicated to setting up a framework based on sound methodology, with an information system as a backup, supported by a management philosophy that clearly defines risk policies and tolerance limits.

Therefore, information is essential in the NBFC asset liability management process. There are several methods worldwide for measuring risks, ranging from the simple gap statement to risk-adjusted profitability management methods.

However, the availability of adequate and accurate information with expedience is the central element for the entire asset liability management exercise, which mandates holding proper systems in place to collect accurate data.

Some asset liability management information system reports comprise cash inflows and outflows, daily LCR, stock availability receivable statement, monitoring of ISIN issuances, and borrowing cost analysis.

2. Asset Liability Management Organization

Implementing the NBFC asset liability management process requires a strong commitment to integrating basic operations and strategic decision-making with risk management organizations. The asset-liability risk management organization manages risks and lays guidelines for the NBFC's risk management policy. Additionally, the Board sets limits for liquidity, interest rate, and equity price risks.

All the NBFCs must actively decide on the roles and responsibilities of the asset-liability committee, incorporating the NBFCs' higher legal management board, which is responsible for planning the balance sheet and management strategies for the risk-return perspective.

3. NBFC Asset Liability Management Policies

The Reserve Bank of India laid out the NBFC asset liability management policies that specify the goals, tactics, and risk tolerance. The policy also specified the obligations of important parties participating in the asset management liability NBFC process. The liquidity risk management policy is designed to reflect the business model of the company's requirements in consonance with the recommendations of the company's risk management committee.

The NBFC asset liability management policy incorporates the following components:

  • Maturity profiting;
  • Management information system;
  • Strategies drafted under the liquidity risk management policy;
  • Liquidity risk measurement tools, etc.

What Does Asset-Liability Risk Framework Include?

The NBFC asset liability management process is a strategic framework to manage the interplay between assets and liabilities to ensure financial stability and growth. The process begins with identifying and assessing future financial risks to outline risk tolerance and strategies.

The scope of the NBFC asset liability management process strategically defines the management of the following risks:

  • Ensures liquidity risk management;
  • Ensures market risk management;
  • Ensures proper planning for capital funding;
  • Projects growth and ensures profit planning;
  • Preparation of contingency plans (if required).

1. Liquidity Risk Calculation

Liquidity calculations are crucial for the NBFC's efficient operation. Our services for NBFC asset liability management help reduce future challenges by guaranteeing the NBFC's capacity to pay its debts when they become due.

Since a liquidity shortage in one institution can impact the entire system, the significance of liquidity extends beyond individual institutions. Experience shows that when the market and participants are unidirectional, assets typically perceived as liquid, such as government securities and other money market instruments, may also become illiquid. Liquidity must, therefore, be followed through cash flow mismatches or maturity.

Management must also look at how liquidity requirements might change under various scenarios, in addition to regularly assessing the liquidity levels of NBFC. The structural and dynamic liquidity risk must be calculated using the stock approach, which predefines an internal limit for measuring critical ratios in consideration of liquidity risk.

We develop strategies for managing liquidity to ensure that the NBFC has access to sufficient funds to meet future financial obligations and to handle unexpected cash flow needs.

2. Currency Risk

Implementing the variable exchange rate arrangement, which has resulted in notable volatility, has expanded the risk profile of NBFC's balance sheets, which contain foreign assets and liabilities. Because of the volatility and significant cross-border flow, the NBFC's balance sheets are now crucial for changes in exchange rates.

Also, transaction volume has increased as a result of increased capital movements into and out of open economies after deregulation. Reducing mismanagement is considered the simplest option for avoiding currency risk.

3. Interest Rate Risk

The financial sector's necessity to hedge interest rate risk is implied by the operational flexibility granted to NBFCs in pricing the majority of assets and liabilities. Interest rate risk is the possibility that shifts in the market interest rate could hurt an NBFC's financial standing.

More broadly, NBFCs are impacted by fluctuations in interest rates. Changes in interest rates have an immediate effect on NBFC's earnings because they alter its Net Interest Income. The long-term effects of interest rate changes in market interest rates impact the economic value of the company's assets and liability.

Also, RBI plans to gradually transition to more contemporary methods of measuring interest rate risk, such as duration gap analysis, simulation, value at risk, etc.

4. Credit Risk

Credit risk occurs when the borrower fails to meet or repay the loan. It symbolizes the risk of borrowers' default for non-payment of any contractual obligation. The ultimate solution to the risk requires the improvisation of effective and detailed KYC and credit appraisal systems.

The measurement of credit risk necessarily requires calculating the loaned amount to maintain a clear vision of the available bank reserve for the specified time period.

Challenges during NBFC Asset Liability Management

In the financial landscape, NBFCs face multi-layer challenges ranging from market instability to regulatory demand. The practical management of assets and liabilities enables NBFCs to go through direct challenges, mitigate risk, and adhere to regulatory compliance.

Generally, assessing the structure of risk involved accounts for the most common issues faced during NBFC asset liability management, as provided below:

  • The banks face issues while securing the interest revenue;
  • The issue in asset liability management faced by the organizations offering future benefit programs on the employee’s salaries;
  • The issue of maintaining long-term cash flow is also termed a liquidity risk challenge;
  • Financial institutions face issues associated with any changes made to the interest rates;
  • Issue due to any change or reduction of the price of share or currency in the capital market;
  • Challenges in tackling misleading conclusions and outcomes generated while NBFC asset liability management;
  • The NBFC asset liability management services is a complex process that requires expertise and knowledge;
  • Limited traditional models are inadequate in capturing and anticipating the dynamic market landscape, which is a major challenge for NBFC asset liability management;
  • Issue while spotting the asset-liability mismanagement, etc.

The strategic approach ensures not only risk mitigation but also optimization of capital and liquidity management. It is a powerful tool for empowering NBFCs to navigate uncertainties, capitalize on opportunities, and foster success.

What Techniques are used for NBFC Asset Liability Management?

Our NBFC asset liability management services involve a strategic framework to manage and align assets and liabilities and ensure financial stability to sustain growth. The strategic process implies the use of the following techniques as qualified below:

1. Liquidity Coverage Ratio

Asset or liquidity coverage ratio is a tool that analyses and depicts the company's ability to repay its debts managed through the settlement of assets. The company's investors use this technique for the settlement of long-term financial obligations. It is also termed an asset coverage ratio. The higher the asset coverage ratio, the more the company is obliged to pay off debts from its assets.

2. Duration Analysis

The duration analysis method employs advanced techniques for NBFC asset liability management, which authorizes the assessment of the institution's interest rate risk. It generally calculates the weightage average timing of cash flows beyond the gap analysis approach.

3. Simulation Analysis

The simulation analysis uses advanced tools to fulfil the purpose of asset liability management. Asset liability management is secured by assessing the institution's balance sheet and risk profile under diverse circumstances. The benefit of using simulation analysis is that it helps understand and better manage the risks related to fluctuations in the interest rate and market volatility.

4. Gap Analysis

The gap analysis method, a fundamental part of the asset liability management system, authorizes assessing the difference between the inflow and outflow of funds in the different time buckets. This method also identifies the asset and liability mismatch and its potential impact on NBFCs' financial positions.

5. Monitoring and Reporting

Comprehensive reporting is intended to track major risks and the controls around them following the NBFC laws that the RBI periodically enacts. Any corrective action decisions are taken as and when they seem required. The reports demonstrating adherence to RBI guidelines and the guidelines outlined in this policy shall be given to the Asset Liability Committee (ALCO).

Differences of Asset Liability Management for Banks v/s NBFCs

Asset liability management regulations for banks and NBFCs share common objectives but differ in some particular requirements, reflecting the financial entities' nature and function. A comparative analysis defining the point of difference among the regulations for banks and NBFCs is explained below:

  1. Regulatory Authority: Both the banks and NBFCs follow asset liability management guidelines published by regulatory bodies such as the Reserve Bank of India;
  2. Asset Liability Management Regulations: In the case of banks, the asset liability management regulations are typically detailed and strict due to their internal role in the financial system to safeguard the interest of depositors. Whereas, In the case of NBFCs, the NBFC asset liability management regulations have a more tailored set of guidelines that consider the specific business models;
  3. Purpose: The banks must comply with norms that provide an explained framework for liquidity risk management and capital optimization. Meanwhile, NBFCs focus on asset-based financing, which leads to a more diverse asset and liability structure than banks.

Both banks and NBFCs must perform regular gap analyses, interest rate risk assessments, and liquidity risk management in NBFCs. At the same time, the principles of Asset Liability Management regulations remain consistent for banks and NBFCs.

Choose our experts, who are experts in the financial regulation of banks and NBFCs, to navigate the intricacies of asset liability management compliance and ensure the regulatory standards are met to optimize the financial position.

Why Choose Enterslice’s Services for NFFC Asset Liability Management?

We at Enterslice have a team of specialized experts empowered to actively address the intricacies of NBFC asset management liability by providing tailored solutions that unlock a chance of sustained growth and success in the evolving financial sectors.

A detailed description of the services provided by the experts of Enterslice, having expertise in financial matters and NBFC asset liability management, is given below:

1. Development of Framework

Enterslice specializes in drafting a comprehensive NBFC asset liability management framework for the unique needs of NBFCs. Our experts work closely to design a healthy framework that aligns assets and liabilities and ensures regulatory compliance and risk mitigation.

We also address liquidity interest rate risk and other important components to enhance NBFC's financial stability.

2. Liquidity Management

Enterslice liquidity management services optimise NBFCs' ability to meet short-term and long-term obligations. Our experts assist with liquidity needs by developing strategies for maintaining adequate cash buffers and implementing measures to navigate unforeseen liquidity challenges.

3. Interest Rate Risk Management

Our experts assist in managing interest rate risk, which is important for NBFCs. We help to identify and measure interest rate risks by implementing risk mitigation strategies and aligning with assets and liability structures. Our main goal is to optimize the NBFC's interest rate risk exposures and enhance overall financial feasibility.

4. Compliance and Reporting

Enterslice ensures that NBFCs comply with regulations and guidelines related to Asset Liability Management. Our experts are updated with the latest regulatory requirements for development and assist in preparing the documentation and reports required for submission to enhance transparency.

5. Audits

Our experts conduct thorough audits to evaluate the effectiveness of the NBFC asset liability management practices, including a detailed examination of the policies and identify areas for improvement.

Ensure business insights and recommendations to strengthen the NBFC asset liability management framework and ensure alignment with market practices.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Asset Liability Management system in NBFCs involves assessing risks and dynamically altering the asset and liability structure to manage them. The Board has laid down guidelines about interest rates and liquidity risk management in NBFCs.

Asset liability management in NBFC policy is related to risk management. It provides a comprehensive and dynamic framework for monitoring and managing liquidity risk in NBFCs, foreign exchange, interest rates, etc.

There are two main categories of Asset Liquidity Management: Waterfall and Agile.

MFIs are microfinance institutions normally registered as non-banking financial companies in India and are subject to RBI regulations.

The liquidity risk management in NBFC is a risk that liability cannot be met when they are due or assess its ability to meet cash flow and collateral needs without negatively affecting daily operations or overall financial positions.

Financial institutions use NBFC asset liability management to mitigate financial risks and match the assets and liabilities. The techniques employed for NBFC asset-liability management are Liquidity Coverage Ratio, Monitoring and Reporting, Duration, Simulation, and Gap Analysis.

Liquidity risk management in NBFCs helps develop and implement strategies to mitigate financial risk and maintain growth in dynamic markets.

The Asset Liquidity Management process helps development and testing teams plan and implement the strategy. It also helps make real-time decisions and adjust plans effectively to reduce financial challenges in changing situations.

The assets are tangible and intangible, which adds value to the company, and liabilities are what the companies owe to others.

The LCR is the Liquidity Coverage Ratio, which is to be disclosed by the NBFC every quarter in their annual financial statements.

Related Services

Our Awards Our Awards

Top 100 Companies in Asia - Red Herring
Top 100 Companies in Asia - Red Herring

Red Herring Top 100 Asia enlists outstanding entrepreneurs and promising companies. It selects the award winners from approximately 2000 privately financed companies each year in the Asia. Since 1996, Red Herring has kept tabs on these up-and-comers. Red Herring editors were among the first to recognize that companies such as Google, Facebook, Kakao, Alibaba, Twitter, Rakuten, Salesforce.com, Xiaomi and YouTube would change the way we live and work.

Top 25 in India - Consultants Review

Researchers have found out that organization using new technologies in their accounting and tax have better productivity as compared to those using the traditional methods. Complying with the recent technological trends in the accounting industry, Enterslice was formed to focus on the emerging start up companies and bring innovation in their traditional Chartered Accountants & Legal profession services, disrupt traditional Chartered Accountants practice mechanism & Lawyers.

Top 25 in India - Consultants Review

We partner with more than 100+ companies

-- Testimonials

Don't take our word for it

In the news

Get Started Live Chat