What is International Organization for Standardization (ISO)?
ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization. It is mainly an international agency which was established in the year 1947 in Geneva, Switzerland. It maintains and publishes international standards which ensure that products are of good quality and safe to use. Under this, there are 156 member countries and each member country has its own national body like in India, there is BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards).It is a worldwide federation of national standard bodies.
These standards are helpful for business enterprises as they reduce costs by minimizing wastes and helps in increasing their productivity. They also support companies to enter into new markets and facilitates them a free global trade.
ISO Certifications are received by companies or firm after following certain quality management techniques which have been defined by International Organization for Standardization. ISO created these quality management techniques for the purpose of making businesses reliable, efficient and growth-oriented. This certification emphasizes that company utilize recommended techniques to produce its services and managing activities related to its business.
Here are some of the popular ISO Certifications:
- ISO 9001 - Quality Management
- ISO 14001 - Environmental Management
- ISO 22008 - Food Safety Management
- ISO 3166 - Country Codes
- ISO 26000 - Social Responsibility
- ISO 50001 - Energy Management
- ISO 31000 - Risk Management
- ISO 22000 - Food Safety Management
ISO Registration Process
- Submission of an application with the registrar.
- Readiness Assessment
- Registration audit assessment
- After this, certification is awarded for the period of three years.
- Surveillance Audit
- At the end of the third year, recertification audit.
What is BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards)BIS Certification?
BIS is a national body which maintains quality, safety and reliability of products in India. In India, eight laboratories have been set up by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). These laboratories have been set up with a view to testing samples of products during the preliminary and surveillance operations. For certain products, Government of India has mandated BIS certification for public health.
What is the main Purpose of BIS Certification?
- For providing a safeguard to the public health;
- For providing quality assurance;
- For protecting the consumer from hazardous products;
- For promoting consumer confidence.
What are The Main Areas of BIS Certification?
- Wood products;
- Leather Products;
- Cement & Concrete;
- Agriculture & food products;
- Testing Instrument;
- Pumping/ Irrigation/ Drainage Equipment;
- Building Material;
- Machinery & Equipment;
- Rubber & Plastic;
What will be the BIS Certification Process?
In the Process of Licensing, following Steps Occur:
- Application Submission;
- Preliminary Inspection;
- After inspection, samples will be tested;
- Evaluation process and the final result will be derived.
In the process of Surveillance Process, following steps occur:
- Testing in factory
- Market Samples
- Testing in Independent Labs
- Complaint and feedback investigation
- Performance Review
- License Granted
Types of BIS Certification Schemes
BIS Certification is provided in India for products under different types of schemes as follows:
1. For Domestic Manufacturers
- Normal Procedure–The applicant is applies to the authorized officer as per the jurisdiction in which the manufacturing unit is located. After the recording of the application, BIS officers carry out a preliminary factory evaluation is carried out. Through this procedure, the license should be expected within 4-6 months of recording of application.
- Simplified Procedure-This simplified procedure has been introduced so as to give pace to the procedure of granting of the license.Through this method, license is expected to be granted within 30 days of submission of BIS Certification application. Simplified procedure is applicable for grant of license of All India First license cases and for all the products except for the following:
- Products such as cylinders, valves, cement, etc., where a joint inspection or approval is required from another statutory authority;
- Products for which license is granted on the basis of factory testing;
- Packaged Drinking Water (PDW) and Packaged Natural Mineral Water (PNMW).
2. Eco Mark Scheme:
BIS provides license to environmental friendly products under a special scheme - ECO Mark Scheme. Thus, environmental products falling under this category should conform to basic requirement under Indian Standard.
3. Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) introduced the Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme (FMCS) in the year 2000 and has been continuing it since then. This scheme enables the overseas applicants/foreign manufacturers to use the Standard Mark on their products. License under this procedure is obtained in about 6 months.