What is International Organization for Standardization (ISO)?
ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization. It is mainly an international agency which was established in the year 1947 in Geneva, Switzerland. It maintains and publishes international standards which ensure that products are of good quality and safe to use. Under this, there are 156 member countries and each member country has its own national body like in India, there is BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards).It is a worldwide federation of national standard bodies.
These standards are helpful for business enterprises as they reduce costs by minimizing wastes and helps in increasing their productivity. They also support companies to enter into new markets and facilitates them a free global trade.
ISO Certifications are received by companies or firm after following certain quality management techniques which have been defined by International Organization for Standardization. ISO created these quality management techniques for the purpose of making businesses reliable, efficient and growth-oriented. This certification emphasizes that company utilize recommended techniques to produce its services and managing activities related to its business.
Here are some of the popular ISO certifications
- ISO 9001 - Quality Management
- ISO 14001 - Environmental Management
- ISO 22008 - Food Safety Management
- ISO 3166 - Country Codes
- ISO 26000 - Social Responsibility
- ISO 50001 - Energy Management
- ISO 31000 - Risk Management
- ISO 22000 - Food Safety Management
BIS Registration Process?
- Submission of an application with the registrar.
- Readiness Assessment
- Registration audit assessment
- After this, certification is awarded for the period of three years.
- Surveillance Audit
- At the end of the third year, recertification audit.
What is BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards)?
BIS is a national body which maintains quality, safety and reliability of products in India. In India, eight laboratories have been set up by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). These laboratories have been set up with a view to testing samples of products during the preliminary and surveillance operations. For certain products, Government of India has mandated BIS certification for public health.
What are the main purposes of BIS?
- For providing a safeguard to the public health;
- For providing quality assurance;
- For protecting the consumer from hazardous products;
- For promoting consumer confidence.
- Wood products;
- Leather Products;
- Cement & Concrete;
- Agriculture & food products;
- Testing Instrument;
- Pumping/ Irrigation/ Drainage Equipment;
- Building Material;
- Machinery & Equipment;
- Rubber & Plastic;
What will be the Certification process?
- Licensing Process
In the process of licensing, following steps occur:
- Application Submission;
- Preliminary Inspection;
- After inspection, samples will be tested;
- Evaluation process and the final result will be derived.
- Surveillance Process
|Visits||Testing in factory||Market Samples||Testing in Independent Labs||Complaint and feedback investigation|
What are the types of BIS Certification Schemes?
In India, under following types of schemes, BIS Certification is provided for products:
- Normal Procedure for Domestic Manufacturers
For BIS certification, an applicant is required to file an application with necessary documents and prescribed fees. After submission of an application, a preliminary factory evaluation is done by the officer of BIS. After this, testing of the sample is done and if it is acceptable then BIS certification is provided. Within the period of four months from the date of application submission, BIS certification is expected to be granted.
- Simplified Procedure for Domestic Manufacturers
Under this, for the BIS certification, an applicant is required to submit a test report of the sample from a BIS approved lab along with an application. Factory premises verification will be carried out by the BIS officer if test report will be satisfactory. After satisfaction by the BIS officer, BIS certification will be granted. Within a period of 30 days from the date of submission of an application with other necessary documents and test report, the license is granted.
- Tatkal Scheme
The tatkal scheme is for those manufacturers for whom it is mandatory to obtain BIS standard mark as per Government notification. For license, an application is required to be processed within strict timelines for which total time is 30 days. For the purpose of adhering strict time norms, an application will be processed on priority basis.
- ECO Mark Scheme
For eco-friendly products, BIS License is granted under this scheme. To qualify for the ECO mark, such products should conform additional requirements as prescribed under Indian Standards. Under this, the procedure of obtaining a license is the same procedure as defined under Domestic Manufacturer's scheme.