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Do you know the Impact of GST on Food Services & Restaurant Business?

Narendra Kumar

| Updated: Jan 30, 2019 | Category: FSSAI Food License, GST

GST on Food Services

Couple of times the extra penny in the food bill raises our eyebrows quickly but what happens when GST was served. When we don’t bear extra salt in our food then how can we bear extra GST tax?  Wondering! Let me tell you then! What is the actual impact of GST on Food Service and Restaurant business?

The new tax regime of indirect tax in India has brought consolidated Goods and Service tax that subsumed the various indirect taxes that are levied on the sale or purchase of goods and services in India. There is no doubt that many goods are reduced by a margin and services were cheaper than before with the multiple indirect taxes. But, after the implication of the GST on Food Service somewhere changed the food buds.

Restaurant Bill before GST on Food Service

If we talk about the restaurant and hotel business, the GST on Food Service or restaurants service has been subject to the perpetual debate and confusion.  The pre- GST restaurants bill has the service tax, VAT and service charge. The different components of a restaurants bill before the GST regime were as-

  • Service tax– the tax levied on the services that are provided by restaurants
  • Price of the item ordered- the standard price mentioned in the menu card is the price on which the different taxes were calculated.
  • Service charge- the charge is not levied on indirect tax, but restaurants over and the above service tax. The amount of the service charge is not included in the tax collected by the government.
  • VAT- the indirect taxes that were levied on food items which we ordered.

Looking at the current GST Regime in India, it has combined different taxes into a single tax with 18% GST in Air Conditioned restaurants and 12% GST in non- AC restaurants previously. In the year 2017, the GST council revised the GST rate in restaurant and hotels to 5% in both AC and Non- AC restaurants. Approximately, 178 items of daily use were removed from 28% bracket and put into 18% category. However, the government has jumped over with Input Tax Credit available for the restaurant business.

“According to the National Restaurant Association of India’s 2013 India Food Service Report, states that the current size of the Indian Food Service industry is Rs 2, 47,680 Crores and is projected to grow to Rs 4, 08,040 crores by 2018 at the 11%”.

Therefore, this growth is further flourished by the great middle class. Furthermore, rapid urbanization helps to grow the awareness of the western lifestyle; more women joining the workforce and the higher disposable income were some of the factors that contributed to the growth of the restaurant’s industry eventually.

Understanding the Restaurant bill – when GST on Food Service is implemented

As an end user, we sometimes forget to pay the attention to our Food bill in restaurants or we would say most of us are also not even aware of the components included in it. The actual bifurcation of the bill after GST on food service is implemented is discussed below-

Types of Restaurants GST Rate
All restaurants 5% no ITC
Restaurants within hotels ( room tariff <7500- 5% without ITC ) 5% no ITC
Restaurants within hotels ( room tariff> 7500)still 18% with ITC 18% with ITC
Outdoor  Catering 18% with ITC

Let’s understand the comparison between pre or post GST on Food Service with an example-

  1. Before GST on Food Service or restaurants

                                                                                      XYZ Food Corner
Table no. 4

Date                                                                                                                                                          Bill No. 123456

Dish     Quantity

Price

Total

Service charge @10%

Service tax @ 5.6%

KKC@ 0.2%

SBC@ 0.2%

VAT@14.5%

Rs 2000

200

123.2

4.40

4.40

319

Total amount payable 2651
  1. After GST on Food Service on restaurants

                                                                                 XYZ Food Corner
Table  No. 4                                                                                                                                                      Bill No. 123456

Date

Dish Quantity

Price

Total

Service Charge @10%

GST @18%

–          CGST 9%

–          SGST- 9%

Rs 2000

200

198

198

Total amount payable 2596

What is the impact of GST on the restaurant’s owner pocket?

You can easily understand this with the above example that impact of GST on food service seems good from the customer point of view. The amount which comes out of the pocket of the user to pay before the implementation of GST is much high but does it also seems good for restaurants owner.  Let’s find out with an example-

Particular Billing under the current regime Billing under GST regime
Wheat 1000 1000
Spices 500 500
Oil 200 200
Total 1700 1700
VAT@5 %( items are generally under 5%) 85  
GST @5 % (items fewer than 5%)   85
Particular Billing under VAT Regime Billing under GST Regime
Total Bill 5000 5000
Output Tax
Vat @14.5% 725
Service Tax@6% 300
GST@5% 250
Total output tax liability 1025 250
Input credit
–          VAT ITC( no ITC on ST) 75
–          GST ITC
Final Output Tax Liability
–          VAT 650
–          Service Tax 300
–          GST 250
Total Amount Payable 950 250

As we can see in the above example, the total amount payable to the tax authorized under the current regime totals up to Rs 950. However, under the GST the net outflow from the pocket will amount to Rs 250. This will reduce the rates and hence the working capital will be enhanced.

Thus, it could be fairly seen that GST will bring the reasons to rejoice for both the consumers and restaurants owners under the new tax regime and this will have no more reasons to explore the new food joints in the neighborhood and pampers our taste buds.

In conclusion

GST on food service or restaurants has been seen as a win-win situation from both the end whether it is customer or owner.  The impact of GST on food services and restaurants has proved to be a good initiation by the government. So, to know more about the impact of GST on any other services read our further article on www.enterslice.com

Narendra Kumar

Experienced Finance and Legal Professional with 12+ Years of Experience in Legal, Finance, Fintech, Blockchain, and Revenue Management.

Business Plan Consultant


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