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In India, Goods and Services Tax (GST) is seen as one of the most influential transformations in the field of taxes. GST was introduced in 2017 with the mission of “One nation one tax” to exclude the multiple hands involved in the process. In this blog, we will compare the GST in India v/s GST in other countries.
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Do you know? France was the first country to introduce the GST to reduce tax evasion. GST is not a new term, more than 140 countries have already implemented GST models. Indian GST model is closely similar to the Canadian model of dual GST. Let’s try to compare the GST in India v/s GST in other countries.
Do you know? India has one of the highest rates of GST in the world that is 18% as compared to other emerging market economies. If you have a business and liable to pay the GST then you must be aware of the GST rates which are distributed under five brackets: 0%, 5%, 12%, and 28%. We all have heard enough and see numbers of articles and blogs regarding GST in India.
However, how our GST is faring in relation to other countries. Further, we will go into the details of GST in countries like New Zealand, Canada, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, and we will conclude how GST structure in India is different from other countries?
Canada introduced the GST in 1991 as a multi-level VAT. Let’s take a look at the GST rates in Canada’s provinces mentioned in the table below.
Note- Canada’s provinces are the sub-national governments which come under the geographical areas of Canada. These provinces are under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.
PST- Provincial sales tax.
HST- Harmonized sales tax.
Singapore introduced the GST bill in 1994 at a rate of 3%. They kept the low rate of interest so that it could be accepted by the public and minimize inflation. And the Singapore government kept the same rate of interest for the next five years to revive consumer spending. Right now the GST rate in Singapore is 7%.
Australia implemented the GST concept in 2000 at a rate of 10%. Australia replaced the existing taxes such as wholesale sales tax, debit tax, financial institutions duty, stamp duty on shares, leases, mortgages, and cheques. But, in Australia, 10% GST rate led to the lower revenue productivity from a tax collection standpoint.
In Malaysia, GST was introduced in the year 2015 at a rate of 6%. They have a lower GST rate of interest in comparison to other Asian Countries. It brought down the cost of doing business in Malaysia, as it shifted the tax burden from manufacturers to consumers.
Hope you have a clearer picture of GST in India in comparison to other countries. The purpose of Introduction of GST in 2017 by The Indian government is to make the tax collection more efficient, reduce the corruption, to have easier inter-state movements of goods etc. If we look at the earlier taxation process, India was not following the ideal VAT. So the central tax, imposed by the central government on sales of goods from one state to another will continue as an Integrated GST.
But on the other hand, India is still facing the problems of tax-evasion by small businesses, which are not registered, traders collecting taxes but not remitting, false claims for refunds by traders. Even so, it is always advisable to obtain the GST registration certificate before you start a business.
For the registration certificate of GST in India, please contact Enterslice.
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