GST Rate on Domestic Appliances and Electrical Machinery

GST Rate on Domestic Appliances and Electrical Machinery

The Domestic appliance that we use in our daily life, have become a part of our life. While the electrical machinery are also used on vast scale in majority of all the business. The government imposes the goods and service taxes on both domestic appliance and the electrical machinery. Domestic appliances like refrigerators, cleaners, washing machines etc have become a need in our today’s world. The implementation of GST has affected both the domestic appliances and electronic machinery. The market of these appliance and machines is growing rapidly in India. So the GST taxes that are imposed on these goods will impact both the common people as well as big companies. The GST will have different impacts on both the demand and supply of domestic appliances and the electrical machinery.

What all can be included in domestic appliance and electrical machinery?

In our day to day life domestic appliance and electrical machinery play an important part and cover a diverse range of both. The industry highly contributes to the people’s comfort, fundamental necessities, convenience which all ranges from daily items to advanced needs. Some of the very common domestic appliance that is used in our daily life is:

Ovens and stovesIrons
MicrowavesAir conditioner
Coffee makersHumidifiers and dehumidifiers
DVD and Blue-ray playersTelevisions
ToastersAudio systems (speakers, sound bars, etc.)
Washing machinesGaming consoles

While some of the common electrical machinery includes:

Motors and generators
Pumps and compressors
Conveyors and elevators
Power generators Excavators
Concrete mixers
Solar panels
Wind turbines
Battery storage systems

Pre-GST scenario of domestic appliance and electrical machinery

In the tax system prior to goods and services tax, there were different types of taxes levied on singular goods and services. The value added tax was imposed on domestic appliances and this VAT rate used to be different in all states of India. The general range for the VAT was in between 11% – 15%. Similar to VAT, excise duty was also imposed on the electronic appliances at 12.5%. Other necessary taxes were also added along with these. At the end stage when the consumer used to buy the goods the taxes used to reach around 25-26%. This cascading effect of taxes was one of the major disadvantages of tax system 1prior to GST.

GST Rates for domestic appliance and electrical machinery

  GST Rate  Domestic Appliance and Electrical Machinery
Hand Pumps And It’s Parts5%
Solar Water Heater And System12%
Bio-Gas Plant18%
Windmill And Operating Electricity Generator12%
Sewing Machines12%
Composting Machines12%
Water Power Driven Pumps18%
Dairy Machinery For Production Of Milk18%
Nuclear Reactor And Cartridge12%
Central Heating Boiler12%
Producer Gas Or Water Gas Generator18%
Air And Vacuum Generator18%
fire extinguisher12%
Fork Lift Truck18%
Bulldozer And Road Roller18%
Machinery For Industrial Preparation18%
Turbo-Jets, Turbo-Propellers And Other Gas Turbines – Turbo-Jets18%

Impact of GST on domestic appliance and electrical machinery

  • The Indian government levies a charge called GST on all goods and services in India. Whenever people buy goods or render services GST is imposed on them.
  • The goods and service tax like other industries have also affected the electrical machinery industry of India.
  • The fall in the GST rate from 28% to 18% has increased the demand for the electrical machinery to great extent in India. The taxes are quite low as compared to the previous rates.
  • The GST on generators has been reduced to 18%, which is quite low then before. This reduction of taxes will increase the demand on the electric generators.
  • Because of the reduced taxes the cost of manufacturing will also reduce and the manufacturers then will be able to pass on the benefits to their consumers also.
  • This will result into more sales and income of manufacturer will also increase.
  • The government reduced the tax rate on essential items such as refrigerators and washing machines from 28% to 18%.
  • The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has helped farm equipment, solar and wind- related equipment, but it has had minimal impact on industrial equipment.
  • Domestic appliances had a 2 to 3% price increase due to the maximum slab of 28% being imposed on some luxury products.
  • These things appear to be considered luxury items by the government. Domestic appliances cost slightly higher with this GST slab.
  • India produced an around of 12 million refrigerators during the 2020 fiscal year. In the consumer appliance sector, refrigerators comprised 27% of the total.
  • From 2021 to 2027, the air conditioner market in India is anticipated to develop at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 10.7%.
  • The only equipment subject to a NIL rate of tax under the GST is electric handlooms utilized in the handicraft business.


In conclusion, The Goods and Services Tax have transformed the taxation landscape in India, benefiting the electrical machinery and domestic appliance industries in particular. With a decrease in rates of taxes under a unified system, many important goods and services have become more affordable, which has increased the demand and growth as a result. The GST’s simplified layout has lessened the complexity while boosting efficiency and transparency. Despite problems like the luxury category, many businesses have profited from GST since it has increased easy access, innovation, and economic growth.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the GST rate for electrical appliances?

    The GST rate for electrical appliance is 18%

  2. What is 12% GST rate electronic items?

    One of the electronic items with GST 12% is mobile phones.

  3. What is GST rate on refrigerator?

    The refrigerators for commercial purposes are imposed 28% GST, while the refrigerators for household purpose are taxed at 18%.

  4. What is the HSN code for electronic appliances in GST?

    85098000 is the HSN code for electronic appliances in GST.

  5. What is the GST rate for kitchen appliances?

    Some of the kitchen appliance are imposed an 18% GST while there are some kitchen appliances that are included in luxury category, they are imposed a 28% GST.

  6. What is the GST rate for home products?

    18% is the GST rate for home products.

  7. What is the HSN code for electronic items?

    85051190 the HSN code for electronic items.


  1. https://www.startupindia.gov.in/content/sih/en/international/go-to-market-guide/tax-system-india.html

Trending Posted