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Foreign Company Compliance in India

Ashish M. Shaji

| Updated: Aug 25, 2017 | Category: Annual Compliance

Foreign Company Compliance

India is considered as one of the fastest growing economies in the world. According to sources, in the next 30 years, India will be seen as the third largest economy in the world after China and USA. It can be due to certain policies of the government such as Skill India, Digital India and the Make in India campaigns.

In the coming years, Start-up Company stands to benefit a lot by entering the Indian market because our economy is growing faster. This article will highlight requirements under the Companies Act, 2013 such as statutory and regulatory Foreign Company compliance, and precautionary measures that startups should keep in mind when doing business in India.

In India, conducting business requires keen ability to understand some of the policies and initiatives of the government such as developing policies of the Government, new laws that have been sanctioned and revisions or changes to the existing statutes.

What is a Foreign Company?

Foreign Company as per Companies Act 2013 refers to company that is incorporated outside India that has a place of business in India by itself or through an agent and conducts any business in India in any other manner.

Foreign Company Compliance: Form FC-1

It is required for foreign companies registered in India to file Form FC-1 within thirty days of the establishment of its place of business in India. The application is required to be supported with an attested copy of approval from the Reserve Bank of India[1] under the terms of Foreign Exchange Management Act.

Financial Statements

Foreign companies registered in India are required to maintain a financial statement of its business operations in India according to schedule III of the Companies Act 2013.

It is required from foreign companies to furnish the following information along with the financial statements of the company which is required to be filed with the Registrar of Companies within the prescribed period.

  • Statement of associated party transaction;
  • Statement of repatriation of profits;
  • Statement of transfer of funds (including dividends) in the relation of fund transfer between a place of business of the foreign company in India and any other related party of the foreign company.

Above mentioned documents must be delivered to the Registrar of Companies within a prescribed period of six months from the end of the financial year of the foreign company.

Audit of Accounts

Foreign companies are required to get its accounts audited of business operations in India by a practicing Chartered Accountant in India or a firm or LLP of practicing Chartered Accountants.

Foreign Company Compliance: Form FC-3

It is required to file Form FC-3 with the Registrar of Companies by foreign companies with the details of the list of places of business along with the financial statements of the company.

Foreign Company Compliance: Annual Return

It is required by the foreign company to prepare and file an annual return of the company in Form FC-4 with the Registrar of Company within sixty days from the last day of its financial year.

Some of the mandatory attachments with it include:

  • Details of Promoters, directors and key managerial personnel;
  • Details of directors and key managerial personnel and also their remuneration. It is mandatory;
  • Members’ meeting details or class thereof, board and its various committees;
  • Particulars of members and debenture holders;
  • Particulars of holding, associate companies, firms and subsidiary.

Authentication of Translated Documents

Documents must be in the English language which is required to be filed with the Registrar of Companies by the foreign company. In case the translation is made out of India then it is required to be authenticated by the signature and the seal of the official with custody of the original or a Notary of the country where the company has been incorporated. In case the translation is made in India, then it is required to be authenticated by an Advocate, attorney or pleader entitled to appear in High Court and an affidavit of a competent person, in the estimation of the Registrar.

Conclusion

The above mentioned requirements are to be met as part of Foreign Company Compliance. These compliances should be met by a foreign company in order to avoid monetary and non-monetary penalties.

Read our article: Managerial Remuneration of Managing and Whole-time Directors

Ashish M. Shaji

Ashish M. Shaji has done his graduation in law (BA. LLB) from CCS University. He has keen interests in doing extensive research and writing on legal subjects especially on corporate law. He is a creative thinker and has a great interest in exploring legal subjects.

Business Plan Consultant


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