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an investor invests in the market, he gets certain securities of the company in
return for the investment made. The investor can subscribe to equity shares,
preferential shares or debentures issued by the company. Equity is just like
ownership in a business.
In general term, sweat equity is putting in effort and labour to a project. It is as valuable as cash equity. Sweat equity may be given to the employees as rewards with respect to sweat equity in real estate. It means value-enhancing improvement made by the owners of a property to their properties. Let’s discuss Sweat Equity Shares (SES) more extensively.
Table of Contents
to the Companies Act, 2013, Sweat Equity
Shares (SES) are issued by a company to its directors or employees at a
discount or for consideration other than cash for providing know-how or making
any value additions which generate synergy to the company.
SES is one of the methods of making share-based payments to company employees. Issue of sweat equity allows the company to retain the employees by rewarding the employees for their services. Sweat equity rewards the beneficiaries by giving them incentives for contributing to the development of the company.
the above-mentioned explanation “Employee” means an employee who has
become permanent and has been working in India or outside of India for a
minimum of one year; a director of a company who is a whole-time director or
part-time; or an employee or a director mentioned before in India or outside
can be issued by any company registered under the Companies Act, 2013.
Amendment to the companies act in the year 2017, now allows any company to
issue them. Earlier it could be issued only by those companies which had
commenced business at least one year prior to the disbursement of such shares.
Conditions for issuance of Sweat Equity Shares are as follows:
equity shall be issued until 15 % of the existing paid-up equity capital of the
company in a year or shares of issue value of 5 crore Rs, whichever is higher.
It is critical to note that the issuance of sweat equity in the company shall not go beyond 25% of the paid-up equity capital of the company at any time.
its a start-up company, the issued sweat equity must not increase more than 50
% of its paid-up capital up to the period of 5 years from the date when it was
registered or incorporated.
The pricing of the sweat equity shall be valued at a price determined by the registered valuer to provide justification for the valuation. The valuations of Intellectual Property Rights or know-how or value additions shall be carried out by the registered valuer. The registered valuer shall provide a proper report to the Board of Directors with justification for such valuation. The copy of both the valuation reports should be sent to the shareholders with the notice of the general meeting.
(I) Firstly, call and hold a board meeting in order to consider the proposal of issue of sweat equity shares and to fix the date, time, place and the agenda for a general meeting and to pass a special resolution for the same.
(II) Then, issue notices in writing to Shareholders for a general meeting along with explanatory statements. It should comprise of the following:
(III) Thereafter, hold the general meeting and pass a special resolution.
(IV) Then, file a resolution with MCA in Form No. MGT-14 within the period of 30 days of passing the special resolution.
(V) After that, call for the board meeting and allot SES in the meeting.
(VI) Form No. PAS-3 has to be filed within 30 days of the passing of the Board resolution for allotting sweat equity.
(VII) Form No. SH-3 for the Register of Sweat Equity shall be maintained, and the particulates of Sweat Equity Shares shall be entered. A Sweat Equity register shall be maintained at the registered office of the company or any other registered office as the board thinks fit.
(VIII) Eventually, the entries in the registrar shall be authenticated by the Company Secretary (CS) of the company or any other authorised person by the board for the purpose.
The details of the sweat equity must be disclosed in the Director’s report for the year in which such shares are issued. The details are as follows:-
the Sweat Equity Shares are issued, on the basis of a valuation report obtained from the registered valuer, for non-cash
consideration, such non-consideration shall be treated in the books of account
of the company in the following manner:-
the non-cash consideration becomes a depreciable or amortizable asset, it shall
be carried to the company’s balance sheet in accordance with the accounting
the above-mentioned clause is not applicable, it shall be expensed off as
specified in the accounting standards.
Sweat Equity Shares (SES) are issued during an accounting period, then the
accounting value of SES shall be treated as a form of compensation to the
employee or to the director in the financial statements of the company.
is vital to note that Sweat Equity Shares (SES) are equally valuable as cash.
SES is not only being used by start-up firms but also by big successful
businesses for rewarding their employees for their hard work and provides them
with similar offers so that the employees will continue to serve them with
Read, More: Process for Buyback of Shares as per Companies Act 2013.
Ashish M. Shaji has done his graduation in law (BA. LLB) from CCS University. He has keen interests in doing extensive research and writing on legal subjects especially on corporate law. He is a creative thinker and has a great interest in exploring legal subjects.
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