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Income tax laws are professed to have a complex structure in India as there are number of claims, deductions, disallowance and exemptions made under the law. To allow the total income on which the liability of tax is calculated, one has to conduct numerous calculations to the net profit of the enterprise. One has to be well-versed about the nature of the income, what expenses are allowed or disallowed and what exemption to consider and what not to consider. All these complexities prove hard to understand without the support of a charted accountant and consultants in most cases.
In order to avoid these highly complex calculations and to further promote ease of business for the small owner business. The Indian government has launched a scheme for a certain category of business that specifically has low volume of businesses and also low turnovers. This method is referred as calculation of gain and profit of the business on the “Presumptive basis” mention under the income tax law in India. According to this method, the ‘total income’ for a financial year is presumed to be a specific percentage of the company’s turnover in that financial year.
Section 44AD of the Income Tax Act, 1961 makes small business persons more independent from the complex tax calculations and also significantly reduces their burden of legal compliances. The owners of these small businesses do not require maintain books of account and are not required to audit them with a chartered accountant
The salient features of the Presumptive tax are mentioned below:
This section of Presumptive taxation is only applicable to an Individual, Hindu Undivided Families or a partnership firm that is a resident of India. Also, it particularly mentions that it will not be applicable to the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) hence, it cannot obtain these benefits.
If any assesses want to opt out of this scheme, then he will not be eligible to claim deduction under the sections 10A, 10AA, 10B, 10BA or any other provision under the heading “Deduction in respect of certain incomes”.
The benefits under this provision of Presumptive taxation under this act will not be eligible to the certain assesse who are indulged in following businesses:
All the assesses that are eligible under this provision and involved in the business and whose receipts or total turnover in the previous financial year does not exceed INR 2 Crores, can proclaim eight percent of the total turnover or total gross receipt or a higher amount. Furthermore, the assesse can declare only six percent of the total turnover. It is much simpler compared to any normal business as in this scheme the assesse may simply obtain his total income by calculating 8% or 6% depends solely from business to business. The owner may not require maintaining any books of accounts and just simply pay taxes on the specified percentage of the business.
According to the income tax act, small business can add depreciation under section 35AD on the manufacturing units. The condition to claim extra depreciation is that the plant should be installed during the year itself. The additional depreciation of 20% above the normal depreciation can use claimed when the machinery is in use.
Where an owner of a small business choose to announce his profit in respect to this section and later opt out to not follow this scheme of ‘presumption basis of declaring income’ in the next five years, then he shall not be permitted to opt again for this section for next five years from the year he has opted out. In this specific case, the business will be under obligation to maintain books of accounts and get them audited as required by law under section 44AB of the Act.
Salary and interest to partners
The Salary and interest paid to the partners of any small business partnership firm shall not permit to be deducted from the net profit at the rate of 6% or 8% depending on the circumstances of each case.
The presumption on the basis of the earning of small professionals is quite similar to the small business. The professional who is eligible under law includes accountancy, technical consultancy, Medical, Legal, Architectural or any other professionals as defined by the official gazette.
The eligibility criteria to calculate small professional’s income on a presumptive basis is only if their receipt not exceeds Rs. 50 Lakhs.
Read our article:The Amazing History of Income Tax in India- Read Now
Rajdeep is a law graduate from Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University. During his law school he gained vast experience in corporate and commercial law. He likes traveling and performing stand-up comedy.
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