Public deposit is one of the best ways to raise fund in Nidhi Company however, timely repayment to depositors is mandatory as per law. In this article, we will discuss the legal implication and limitation for public deposit in Nidhi Company. Also, we will discuss the acceptance of deposit by Nidhi Company.
Acceptance of Deposit by Nidhi Company: Meaning of Deposit
In accordance with Companies Act, 2013Deposit includes any receipt of money by way of deposit or loan or in any other form by a company but does not include such categories of the amount as may be prescribed in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India. In the next segment we will look at the rules governing acceptance of deposit by Nidhi Company.
Rules and Limitations for Acceptance of Deposit by Nidhi Company
Some of the rules and limitations for Acceptance of Deposit by Nidhi Company after its registration and commencement of business are as under:
The ratio of Net Owned Funds of the Nidhi Company to deposits should not be more than 1:20.
Nidhi Company shouldn’t accept any deposits from or lend any deposit to any individual, other than its members.
They are not allowed to pledge any of the assets lodged by its members as security.
They should not take deposits from or lend money to anybody corporate.
Such company cannot issue or cause to be issued any advertisement in any form for asking a deposit-
Private circulation of the details of fixed deposit schemes among the members of the Nidhi carrying the words “for private circulation to members only” shall not be considered to be an advertisement for soliciting deposits.
They are not allowed to pay any brokerage or incentive for mobilizing deposits from members or for deployment of funds or for permitting loans.
Every Nidhi shall allot to each deposit holder at least a minimum of ten equity shares or shares equivalent to one hundred rupees-
At least 1 equity share of ₹ 10 shall be held by a savings account holder and a recurring deposit account holder.
Deposits may be accepted in the name of a minor if they are made by the natural or legal guardian who is a member of Nidhi. However a minor would not be admitted as a member of Nidhi.
A Nidhi shall not accept deposits exceeding twenty times of its Net Owned Funds (NOF) as per its last audited financial statements.
In the case of companies existing on or before 26th July 2001 and which have accepted deposits in excess of the aforesaid limits, the same shall be restored to the prescribed limit by increasing the Net Owned Funds position or alternatively by reducing the deposit according to the table given below:
The ratio specified above shall also apply to incremental deposits. The mentioned companies above will not accept fresh deposits or renew existing deposits if such acceptance or renewal leads to violation of the prescribed ratio.
Application form for deposit in a Nidhi company
Every application form, for placing a deposit with a Nidhi, shall contain the following particulars, namely:-
The business carried on by Nidhi Company with details of branches, if any;
Brief particulars of the management of Nidhi Company (name, addresses, and occupation of the directors, including Director Identification Number (DIN);
Net profits of Nidhi Company before and after making provision for tax for the preceding 3 financial years, if applicable;
Dividend declared by Nidhi Company during the preceding 3 financial years;
Mode of repayment, Maturity Period & Interest Payable to the deposits.
The rate of interest payable to the depositor in case the depositor withdraws the deposit prematurely;
The terms and conditions subject to which the deposit may be accepted or renewed.
A summary of the financials of the company as per the latest 2 audited financial statements as given below:
Net Owned Funds
Deposits claimed but remaining unpaid
Loans disbursed against-immovable property, deposits, gold, and jewelry
Profit before tax
Provision for tax
Profit after tax
Dividend per share
Any other special features or terms and conditions subject to which the deposit is accepted or renewed.
The application form shall also contain the following statements:-
As per the terms and conditions of such deposit in case of no- payment of the deposit or part thereof, the depositor may approach the Registrar of companies having jurisdiction over Nidhi.
In case of any deficiency of Nidhi in servicing its depositors, the depositor may approach the National Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum, the State Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum or District Consumers Disputes Redressal Forum, as the case may be, for redressal of his relief;
A declaration by the Board of Directors to the effect that the financial position of Nidhi as disclosed and the representations made in the application form are true and correct and that Nidhi has complied with all the applicable rules;
A statement to the effect that the Central Government does not undertake any responsibility for the financial soundness of Nidhi or for the correctness of any of the statement or the representations made or opinions expressed by Nidhi;
The deposits accepted by Nidhi are not insured and the repayment of deposits is not guaranteed by either the Central Government or the Reserve Bank of India; and
A verification clause by the depositor stating that he had read and understood the financial and other particulars furnished and representations made by Nidhi in one’s application form and after consideration one is making the deposit with Nidhi at one’s own risk and volition.
Every Nidhi shall obtain proper introduction of new depositors before opening their accounts or accepting their deposit by Nidhi Company and keep on its record the evidence on which it has relied upon for the purpose of such introduction.
Acceptance of deposit by Nidhi Company: Documentary evidence
For the purposes of introduction of depositors, a Nidhi shall obtain documentary evidence of the depositor in the form of proof of identity and address as under:
Proof of Identity (any one of the following)
Unique Identification Number
Income-tax PAN card
Elector Photo Identity Card
Proof of address (any one of the following):
Unique Identification Number
Elector Photo Identity Card
Bank account statement
Documents referred above shall not be more than 2 months old.
The fixed deposits shall be accepted for a minimum period of 6 months and a maximum period of 60 months.
Recurring deposits shall be accepted for a minimum period of 12 months and a maximum period of 60 months.
The maximum period of recurring deposits shall correspond to the repayment period of such loans granted by Nidhi Company, in case of recurring deposits relating to mortgage loans.
The maximum balance in a savings deposit account at any given time qualifying for interest shall not exceed ₹ 1,00,000/- at any point of time and the rate of interest shall not exceed 2% above the interest rate payable on the savings bank account by nationalized banks.
A Nidhi may offer interest on fixed and recurring deposits at a rate not exceeding the maximum rate of interest prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India and the Non-Banking Financial Companies shall pay on their public deposits.
Conditions for foreclosure of fixed deposit account or a recurring deposit account
A fixed deposit account or a recurring deposit account shall be foreclosed by the depositor subject to the following conditions:
A Nidhi shall not repay any deposit within a period of 3 months from the date of its acceptance.
Where at the request of the depositor, a Nidhi repays any deposit after a period of 3 months, the depositor shall not be entitled to any interest up to 6 months from the date of deposit.
Where at the request of the depositor, a Nidhi makes repayment of a deposit before the expiry of the period for which such deposit was accepted by Nidhi, the rate of interest payable by Nidhi on such deposit shall be reduced by 2% on the rate that Nidhi could have ordinarily paid, had the deposit been accepted for the period for which such deposit had run:
In case of death of the depositor, the deposit may be reimbursed before the maturity, to the persisting depositor or depositors in the case of joint holding with survivor clause, or to the nominee or to legal heir along with the interest until the date of repayment at the rate which the company would have ordinarily paid, such deposit has been accepted for the period for which such deposit had route.
Every Nidhi shall invest and continue to keep investing, in unencumbered term deposits with a scheduled commercial bank (other than a co-operative bank or a regional rural bank),or post office deposits in its own name an amount which shall not be less than 10% of the deposits outstanding at the close of business on the last working day of the second preceding month:
In cases of unanticipated-obligations, provisional withdrawal may be permitted with the prior approval of the Regional Director for the purpose of repayment to depositors, subject to such conditions and time limit which may be prescribed by the Regional Director to ensure restoration of the prescribed limit of 10%.
Behind starting a Nidhi Company, acceptance of deposit by Nidhi Company is the primary reason. However, the rules and regulations governing that must be strictly followed by the Nidhi Company. Failure to do so will put such company under legal gauge. In case you have any other query related to acceptance of deposit by Nidhi Company, contact Enterslice.
Ashish M. Shaji has done his graduation in law (BA. LLB) from CCS University. He has keen interests in doing extensive research and writing on legal subjects especially on corporate law. He is a creative thinker and has a great interest in exploring legal subjects.