Audit and Assurance

The focus of the audit and assurance services is to provide you with a quality product that suits your needs, offer helpful suggestions that will help improve your operations, provide financial guidance when necessary, and provide a level of service that will result in a long-lasting relationship...

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Audit and Assurance Services

An audit is a systematic review and assessment of all the information or Documents. There are different Audit types, but in context to professional services, an audit is generally considered financial. The primary intention of Audit is to provide reasonable assurance, but not absolute assurance that the financial statements give an accurate and fair view with regard to the financial reporting framework.

Assurance is a professional service provided with the aim of improving the quality and transparency of information. It also reduces the chance of problems that occurs due to incorrect information. An audit is a type of assurance service. Audit and assurance services can be regulatory or compliance-based. They work to ensure that the company or an organization follows the guidelines, rules, policy and provides both internal and external confidence for financial statements.

What is the Difference Between Audit and Assurance?

The primary difference between Audit and assurance are explained below:

  • Auditing is the process of presenting an organization's financial statements by performing the examination of all the accounting information presented. One of the auditing's primary responsibilities is to make sure that the financial reports are maintained accurately, presented relatively, and prepared deliberately.
  • Assurance is a compilation of processes of analyzing and assessing the process, operations, procedures, etc. Assurance also assesses accounting information and financial records. The primary concern of assurance is to check the accuracy of the accounting information and its financial records. By way of assurance, the stakeholders are provided regular updates on financial reports and ensure that there are no red flags, irregularities, and false representation.
  • Auditing is needed for all the financial practices regulation, such as auditing the individual's financial record for taxation. Auditing also controls the fraudulent business activities or improper utilization of the funds or misrepresentation of the financial statements, embezzlement, etc.
  • The main motive of assurance is not the correction of issues specified in the accounting records but to measure the appropriateness according to the accounting standards, principles and follow its compliance. Moreover, assurance applies to other aspects, such as to assess the procedures followed in operations. In this type of case, the processes and operations are strictly observed, and assurance will be provided on the basis of a specified procedure to obtain maximum results.

What are the Basic Principles Governing an Audit and Assurance?

The basic principles governing an audit and assurance are as follows:

  • Integrity, Objectivity, and Independence

According to this principle, the auditor must be straight forward, fair, honest, sincere, and transparent regarding his performance with regard to professional duties.

  • Confidentiality

As per this principle, the auditor must not disclose any information gained by him during the course of audit work to any individual.

  • Skills and Competence

As per this principle, the audit work must be performed. The auditor must prepare the audit report with due professional care by persons who have adequate experience, training, and competence in auditing.

  • Work Performed by Others

This principle indicates the events when the auditor delegates his work to third-parties. That individual will still continue to be responsible for implementing and expressing his opinion on financial statements.

  • Documentation

According to this principle, all the Documents collected during the Audit must be Documented appropriately as a collection of evidence.

  • Planning

This principle suggests that the auditor should plan his work accordingly to conduct an effective audit in an efficient and timely manner.

  • Audit Evidence

As per this principle, the auditor must obtain sufficient audit evidence to draw reasonable conclusions.

  • Accounting System and Internal Control

The auditor with regards to this principle must assure himself that the accounting system and internal control are adequate.

  • Audit Conclusion and Reporting

As per this principle, the auditor should review and assess the conclusions that are drawn from the audit evidence obtained. 

What is the Standard Setting Process of Audit and Assurance?

The organization must establish a system of quality control designed to provide it with reasonable assurance that the business and its employees comply with professional standards, regulatory requirements, and legal requirements. The reports issued by the company or its engagement partner must be appropriate as per the circumstances.

Process of Audit and Assurance


Leadership Responsibilities for Quality

The policies and procedures in an organization must be designed to promote an internal culture quality that is essential in performing engagements. If appropriate, the organization's highest authority must assume ultimate responsibility for system quality control of Audit and assurance.

Any individual who is assigned the responsibility for a quality control system must have sufficient and appropriate experience and adequate authority.

Ethical Requirements

The firm must set a proper policy and procedure for Audit and assurance, which must be complied by all concerned persons with relevant ethical requirements.

The Policies and procedures must focus on the fundamental principles, For example.

  • The leadership of the organization.
  • Education and training.
  • Monitoring and.
  • A process for dealing with non-compliance.

Acceptance and Continuance of Client Relationships and Specific Engagements

For the purpose of audit and assurance the policies and procedures for the acceptance and continuance of client relationships under the specific engagements are designed to provide it with reasonable assurance to undertake and continue the commitments in the following circumstances:

  • Has considered the integrity of the customer.
  • It is capable and also has time and resources to do so.
  • Must comply with all the ethical requirements and it also needs to Document how the issues regarding the ethical requirements were resolved. 

Human Resources

The policies here for the purpose of Audit and assurance are designed to provide assurance with regard to sufficient personnel with the capabilities and competence.

Engagement Performance

Audit and assurance for the purpose of engagement performance are designed to assure that the engagements are performed according to the specified professional standards and regulatory legal requirements.


The policies and procedures for the purpose of monitoring include an ongoing consideration and evaluation of the firm’s system of quality control. It includes a periodic inspection of a selection of completed engagements.

Assess the impact of deficiencies noted because of the monitoring process and must determine

  • Instances that do not really show that arrangement of quality control is inadequate to furnish it with the sensible assurance that it consents to professional standards and regulatory and legal requirements.
  • Systemic, tedious or other critical deficiencies that require prompt corrective action.

The firm ought to convey to pertinent commitment accomplices, and other fitting faculty lacks noted because of the observing procedure and suggestions for suitable healing activity.

The company's assessment of each kind of lack should bring about suggestions for at least one of the accompanying:

  • Taking appropriate remedial action according to an individual commitment or workforce;
  • The correspondence of the discoveries to those answerable for preparing and expertly turn of events;
  • Changes to the quality control arrangements and techniques; and
  • Disciplinary activity against the individuals who neglect to agree to the firm's approaches and methods, particularly the individuals who do so over and again.

The firm ought to figure out what further activity is fitting to conform to significant expert gauges and administrative and lawful necessities, including acquiring legitimate exhortation.

Every year, the firm ought to convey the consequences of checking its quality control framework to suitable people inside the firm, including the association's CEO or, if proper, it’s overseeing partner(s) empower them to make instant and fitting move vital as per their characterized jobs and obligations. Data imparted ought to incorporate the accompanying:

  • A depiction of the checking techniques performed.
  • The conclusions are drawn from the checking systems.
  • Where applicable, a portrayal of foundational, tedious or other critical lacks and the activities taken to determine or change those.

What are the Various Audit and Assurance Standards Issued by ICAI?

The audit and assurance standards issued by ICAI are explained in the table below:

Audit and Assurance Standards





Basic principles Governing Audit


Objective and Scope of Financial Audit






Fraud and Error



Audit Evidence




Risk Assessment and Internal Control



Relying upon work of an internal auditor



Audit Planning



Using the work of an expert

AAS 10

Using the work of another auditor


AAS 11

Representation by Management


AAS 12


Responsibility by Joint Auditors

AAS 13

Audit Materiality


AAS 14


Analytical Procedures

AAS 15

Audit Sampling


AAS 16


Going Concern Assumption

AAS 17


Quality Control for Audit work

AAS 18


Audit of Accounting Estimate

AAS 19


Subsequent Events

AAS 20


Knowledge of the business

AAS 21


Consideration of laws and regulations in Audit of financial statements

AAS 22


Initial Engagement

AAS 23

Related Parties


AAS 24


Audit Consideration related to entities using service organizations

AAS 25



AAS 26


Terms of Audit Engagement

AAS 27


Communication of Audit Matters with those entrusted with Governance


AAS 28


Auditor’s Report in Financial Statements

AAS 29


Audit in Computer Information System Environment

How will Enterslice Provide you Audit and Assurance Services?

The focus of the Audit and Assurance in Enterslice is to provide you with a quality product that applies to your needs. Our professionals will provide helpful suggestions that assist your operations and also provide financial guidance when necessary. Our experts will provide a level of service that will result in a long-lasting relationship. Our main aim is to build a relationship with you and answer your questions while you have it in mind.

We provide the following services related to Audit and assurance:

  • Compiled, reviewed and audited financial statements.
  • Compliance Audits as per the Audit and Assurance Standards mentioned by ICAI.
  • Agreed-upon procedure reporting for both internal and external purposes.

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Frequently Asked Questions

• Audit looks at the accuracy of financial reports, whereas assurance is the process of analyzing and is used to assess accounting entries and financial records.

• The Audit is the first step, which is followed by assurance.

• The Audit is done by an internal auditor or external auditor, whereas an audit firm does assurance.

An audit provides a reasonable level of assurance that your financial statements are free from material misstatement and conform to the Indian Accounting Standards.

Assurance service is an independent professional service, typically provided by Certified Chartered Accountants, to improve information or the context of information so that decision-makers can be more informed and presumably can make better decisions.

The types of assurance services are explained below:

• Business Performance Measurement.

• Information Systems Reliability.

• Electronic Commerce.

• Health Care Performance Measurement.

The Audit is the process of evaluating the accounting entries present in the financial statement of the company. The audit checks the accuracy of the financial reports. Assurance is the process of analyzing and used in the assessment of accounting entries and financial records.

The primary purpose of assurance is to check the accuracy of financial reports. It also provides assurance to all the stakeholders that there is no misrepresentation done in financial records, no misuse of funds, no fraud, and no fraudulent activities done in a company or done by the company.

An audit aims to provide an objective, independent examination of the financial statements, which increases the value and credibility of the financial statements produced by management. Hence, it increases the user's confidence in the financial report, reduces investor risk, and consequently reduces the cost of capital.

There are three main types of audits:

• External audits,

• Internal audits, and

• Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audits.

External audits are commonly performed by Chartered Accountant results in an auditor's opinion, which is included in the audit report.

The International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB) is an independent standards body that issues standards like the international standards on auditing, quality control guidelines, and other services for supporting the international auditing of financial statements.

Auditing is defined as the on-site verification activity, such as inspection or examination, of a process or quality system to ensure compliance to requirements. An audit can apply to an entire organization or specific to a function, process, or production step.

A typical audit is comprised of four stages:

• Planning

• Fieldwork

• Reporting

• Follow-up.

Six specific steps in the audit process should be followed to ensure a successful audit.

• Requesting Financial Documents.

• Preparing an Audit Plan.

• Scheduling an Open Meeting.

• Conducting Onsite Fieldwork.

• Drafting a Report.

• Setting Up a Closing Meeting.

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