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A Tax Residency Certificate is a certificate issued by the Income Tax Department to the Indian Residents who earn Income from Countries with which India has a Double Taxable Treaty Agreement. In order to avoid the payment of tax on the same income again, one can take benefit of the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement.
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For obtaining a certificate of residence for the purposes of an agreement referred to in Section 90 and section 90A of an Income Tax Act, an assessee being a resident in India shall make an application in Form No.10FA to the Assessing Officer.
The Assessing Officer on being satisfied, on the receipt of an application, referred shall issue a certificate of residence in Form No.10FB.
The tax residency certificate helps in establishing which country you are tax resident of so that the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement can be applied and can avail benefits. India has made it necessary to obtain this certificate for someone who wishes to avail DTAA benefits with which India has entered into a treaty. TRC will be needed by NRIs to submit to their host country and it will be needed by foreign nationals who earned income from India and desire to take benefits of the treaty.
The source of income of the Resident individual lies where the services are performed, or where the asset, from which the income arises, is located.
To determine the Residential status in India the physical presence in India in the current financial year i.e. (1Aprilto 31 March) and preceding 10 Financial Year is taken into consideration.
The taxability of an individual qualifying as a Resident and Ordinarily Resident (ROR) is on the global income in India, i.e. Income earned in and/or outside India. Consequently, there may be instances, where the same income is being taxed in the resident country (i.e. India) as well as the source country (Where the Income has been earned). Likewise, income sourced in India may also be taxed in the resident country of the individual.
To claim applicable relief under the DTAA, under the India income-tax law, a tax residency certificate is required from the resident country tax authorities.
For instance, if an individual requires a tax residency certificate for India, an application is required to be made in Form 10FA to the income-tax authorities. On successful processing of the application, the certificate is issued by the respective authorities in Form 10FB.
In the case of an individual who is a Non-Resident Assessee, the following process is required to be followed-
An assessee not being a resident in India, i.e. Non-Resident Assessee shall obtain Tax Residency Certificate (TRC) from the Government of the country or the specified territory of which individual claims to be resident, comprising of the details of the assessee mentioned below shall be provided by the non-resident assessee in Form 10F-
(i) Name of the assessee;
(ii) Status (individual, company, firm etc.) of the assessee;
(iii) Nationality (in case of individual);
(iv) Country or specified territory of incorporation or registration (in case of others);
Additionally, below-mentioned points are also required to be taken into consideration-
(v) The tax identification number of the Assessee in the country or specified territory of residence is required.
However, in case no such number, then, a unique number on the basis of which the person is identified by the Government of the country or the specified territory;
(vi) Residential status of the Assessee for the taxation purpose,
(vii) Time Duration for which the certificate is applicable; and
(viii) Address of the applicant for the time duration for which the certificate is applicable;
Read our article:DTAA – What is the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement?
Priyanka Bajpayee has done Masters in International Business Law and well versed in content writing covering the area of legal and finance. Also, she has practical experience of almost 1.5 years in Legal compliance and secretarial work.
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