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Setting up a honey processing plant in India holds a lot of scope and opportunities for the person who wishes to start it. Honey is a highly consumable item used for nutritional, medicinal and industrial purposes. Also, the Indian Government plans numerous projects for promoting the Indian Honey-Producing sector in the International Market from time to time.
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Honey can be extracted by processing the beehives through different methods. Bee colonies are kept in artificial or hives made by humans for extracting honey, beewax, propolis, flower pollen, bee pollen, and royal jelly. This act of maintaining colonies of honey bees is known as Apiculture.
Bee farming needs a lot of attention and focuses on the moisture content of the honey has to be controlled carefully. As a matter of fact, the moisture content in the honey is an important factor for producing good quality, honey.
Honey is a highly consumed food item often used for its medicinal properties. Also, it is used as a sweetening agent in industries like candy making industries, jam-making industry, bakeries, dairy product sector.
Furthermore, honey is also used in medicines as a sweetening agent, in the cosmetic industry as organic cosmetic, and as a food item at the domestic level. Moreover, the wax extracted from the bee hives is excellent for Candle Making.
Honey bees also aid in the pollination of flowers that means it holds some agricultural value. Therefore, beekeeping is beneficial in many ways.
The following permits and registrations are required to set up a Honey Processing Unit;
Apart from securing necessary licenses and permits, you would also need resources like adequate land to cultivate or keep your bee hives, raw materials, and proper equipments and machineries to set up your honey processing plant
Bee farming or apiculture is carried out in an open farm area and the location where bee farming is done is called a “bee yard.” Bee farming can be done on a decent specially designed place like your garden or the rooftop is also suitable. Basically the site should be away from your house and nearby the source of nectar for the bees. Some people also like to do floriculture – the cultivation of flowers along with apiculture – cultivation of bees.
Furthermore, the site should have sufficient space that can be divided into sections separately for different purposes like bee farming, honey extraction, etc. Also, your farm should be located at a place which has adequate facilities like;
Also, Read: How to Set Up a Furniture Business in India?.
When you retrieve
the bee hive for extracting honey, you need to be extra careful as honey bees
are very aggressive insects. It may bite you if you don’t have proper clothing
and tools. For extracting honey, you must have beginner’s kit, hive tools,
smoker, smoker fuel, medications, and apiary armor.
Furthermore, you would need artificial or manmade hives. Hives are nothing but wooden structures that provides appropriate space to honey bees to build honey combs. It is specially designed to help bees in developing and setting up their colonies. Basically, there are many types of artificial hives; however, the most common ones are Top Bar hive, Langstroth hive, Warre hive, and Rose hive among the horizontal frame hives.
You would need various machines and equipment to carry out bee farming. Therefore, tools are a must from keeping the bees to harvesting the combs to retrieve honey from them. Some of the tools that you need to have are as follows;
steps need to be followed to process honey;
Step 1: Opening the hive frame
top part of the hive box, smoke up the opening to remove the bees. Then, remove
the inner hive.
Step 2: Removing Beehive
After separating the inner hive, honey bees are removed from the comb using bee brush, smoker, and electric blower.
Step 3: Unclamping Honey
the bees from the comb, honey is extracted from it by cutting it open with a
Step 4: Extracting honey
Honey extraction is the process of extracting honey from the honeycomb. Moreover, there are different types of Honey extraction method;
Step 5: Filtering and Packaging
Generally after extraction of honey, there is a lot of wax or scum that remains in the honey. Therefore, the honey is filtered and then packed for distribution.
Marketing and sales promotion is the most essential purpose of every business. After you have harvested and processed honey, you need to sell them to earn profits. For that you need to identify your target market, considering both retail and industrial market. You can also employ different marketing tactics to attract customers such as providing offers, promoting your business in the local market, also selling the bee wax, etc.
can sell organic honey as there is a high demand for organic items in the
present market. Selling raw honey without processing is also an option. Some target
market for selling honey include
If you are
planning to start a honey processing plant, you have a lot of scope and
opportunities to grow in this sector. Furthermore, according to CSE, India
holds the seventh position in honey production, with about 65,000 metric tons
of honey per year. Also, as per the study shows, beekeeping employs around 2.5
lakh farmers in India with this number increasing continuously.
Recommended Article: How to Setup Home-Based Bakery Business in India.
Tanya is working as writer & editor from past 2 years with experience in covering startup and technology related topics.
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