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What is FSSAI Act Coverage, Registration Process & Penalty for Non-Compliance?

Narendra Kumar

| Updated: May 12, 2017 | Category: FSSAI Food License

FSSAI guidelines for Food Safety

The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 is the ultimate law for the regulation of the food products formulation and enforcement of the food safety standards in the country. In India, for the FSSAI Registration process regulated and administered by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is the apex authority in India. FSSAI functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Maintaining the food safety guidelines is imperative for the country as it is important to ensure providing safe and wholesome food to the consumers.

The Act Empowers the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). Some of the key function of the FSSAI is:

  • Lay down science-based standards for food products.
  • To regulate the storage. manufacturing, distribution, sales, and import of the food products.
  • To facilitate food safety.
  • To prevent food adulteration.
  • To lay guidelines for laboratories food testing.
  • To promote awareness about food safety in India.
  • To provide scientific advice and technical support to the state and central government in the matter of framing rules and policies that are related to food safety and nutrition.
  • To conduct and survey the administration and enforcement of this act.

In the present time, the consumer has also become health conscious and before purchasing any food product, they make sure they are purchasing and eating food that is free of adulteration, contamination, and prepared to keep the hygienic standards in focus. Consumers have become aware of food safety and prefer eating and purchasing food that is FSSAI licensed and approved. For that reason, every Food Business Operator must register with FSSAI and get the required license to commence a business, manufacture food products, and import food products without any hassle.

The Food Business Operators (FBOs) should understand the FSSAI registration process as discussed in FSSAI Act 2006. Food License and Registration is imperative for doing business related to any stage of processing, manufacturing, packaging, transportation, storage, and distribution of food products in India. That is why it is crucial for the FBOs to obtain the license.

FSSAI Registration Process online?

In the present time, with the advent of the internet, the FBOs can register their business through an online application system. Food License usually 100% online process in case of the central license but in case FSSAI state License physical submission of documents is required.  Now, it is not required to send the application by post or personally visiting the center to get the license.

FSSAI provides an interactive online platform for the Food Business Operators where the FBO can apply and obtain the License/Registration online. After visiting the FSSAI website, the FBO is required to sign up by providing contact details. After that, the FBO can apply for the registration and license by providing the mandatory information and relevant details. If the Food Business Operator company complies with all the requirements and rules, they are provided with the registration certificate by a statutory authority.

The registering authority also carries out a food safety inspection of the registered establishment at least once in a year to ensure that the FBO is complying with the FSSAI rules and regulations.

After the issue of the license/registration certificate, the FBO can apply for the modification, renewal of a new license, and also request for a duplicate license. The FSSAI license is of two types Central FSSAI License and State FSSAI license. The FSSAI License is valid for one to five year and needs to be renewed prior to the expiration date. The payment for the application can be paid online and you can check the application status online.

Also, the FBO needs to maintain the general food safety standards and must also get food product approved by the FSSAI. They must ensure adequate labeling of the packed food product that is identified by FSSAI. It is important for the FBOs to provide accurate information on the packaged food product for the consumers. The Food Business Operators in India need to follow every detail of the FSSAI labeling rules and regulations.

The FBOs must keep in mind that of if they fail to maintain and follow the food safety regulations laid by the FSSAI then they are liable for heavy penalties & FSSAI License may be canceled by the Authority. Hence After FSSAI Registration or FSSAI License, it is mandatory to follow the guidelines laid down by the legislature.

  • Any person or business selling the food product that is not in compliance with the provision of the Food Safety Act is liable to a penalty of five lakh rupees.
  • Also, if any person manufactures or sells the product for human consumption which is sub-standard, he or she is liable to a penalty of five lakh rupees.
  • Also, if any person manufactures, stores, imports, or sell food product containing extraneous matter, he or she is liable to a penalty of one lakh rupees.
  • If the Food Business Operator or Food Product Importer fails to comply with the perquisites of the act or rules and regulations laid by statutory authority, he or she is liable to a penalty up to two lakh rupees.

There is a significant number of the food business operators involved in manufacturing, storing, distributing and processing a variety of food products. For the FBOs, it is imperative to get the required license and obtain the registration certification from the statutory authority. Not all people can understand the statutory requirements and may get puzzled at fulfilling the requirements in an adequate manner. The rules and regulations of the food safety regulators are very stringent and hence it is imperative for the FBOs to fulfill the requirements as per the rules laid under the Food Safety and Standard Act. To make sure everything is fulfilled and completed the application, it is best to employ the assistance of a professional.

There are many consultant companies offering their services to help the Food Business Operators in the process of applying for a license or registration. These consultants have comprehensive knowledge of the rules and regulations of FSSAI. They can help in preparing documents, application drafting, and application submission. They are experienced and have in-depth knowledge of the provisions and can provide complete information and guidance for the application that is in compliance with the FSSAI and will help safeguard against any penalties. They make the entire process hassle-free and charge a reasonable price for their services.

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Narendra Kumar

Experienced Finance and Legal Professional with 12+ Years of Experience in Legal, Finance, Fintech, Blockchain, and Revenue Management.

Business Plan Consultant


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