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The Central Government of India has introduced 124th Constitution Amendment Bill in the Parliament to provide reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category candidates. The move is to provide 10% reservation in higher education and government employment.
This is one of the major steps introduced by the Government in the beginning of 2019. The decision seems to be interesting and advantageous to the citizens. Let’s have a wider look on it:
Here’s the amendment which took place on 9th January, 2019.
The Parliament passed the Constitution 124th Amendment Bill, 2019 which aims to provide ten percent reservation to the economically weaker sections (EWS) in the General category. The bill facilitates reservation for economically weaker sections in direct recruitment in the jobs and admission in higher educational institutions.
Don’t worry, this doesn’t mean that the existing quotas for SC (Scheduled Castes), ST (Scheduled Tribes) and OBC (Other Backward Caste) people will be tampered due to this.
This move in the amendment of the bill is expected to benefit a huge section of upper castes including Brahmins, Rajputs , Thakurs, Jats, Marathas, Bhumihars, and several trading castes including Kapus and Kammas.
The major reason for passing the Bill was that from a very long time people from economically weaker sections of the society have largely remained excluded from attending the higher educational institutions and public employment because of their financial incapacity to compete with the persons who are economically more privileged.
Due to the above reason, Article 15 and Article 16 of the Constitution of India has been amended now.
It largely amended Article 15 and Article 16 of the Constitution of India
In article 15 of the Constitution, it has been updated to provide reservations to economically weaker sections for admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State Government other than any minority educational institutions as referred to in clause (1) of Article 30.
This reservation is capped at ten percent.
This article is amended to provide reservations to economically weaker sections people in the government jobs and posts.
Economically weaker sections are based on their family income and any other indicator which reflect about the economic disadvantage of that person for the purposes of article 15 and article 16.
Union Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the states will have freedom to decide on income criterion of beneficiaries under the bill.
This will be a class distinct from the already specified classes of SCs, STs and socially and educationally backward classes (OBCs).
The Bill was passed by both
Now since it is already passed by both the Houses of Parliament, the Parliament has passed the Constitution 124th (Amendment Bill), 2019
It will be sent to the President of India for its assent.
Finance minister Arun Jaitley said that unequals cannot be treated equally and further stated that if two individuals are not equal due to birth or for economic reasons, then they cannot be treated equally.
On the other hand, opposition parties like Congress supported the bill but doubted the government’s intentions and other parties call it a stunt to win forthcoming 2019 elections. Whatever could be the motive of the ruling party, such amendments should always be for the citizens of the country
For some it could be the Government’s attempt to keep its upper caste vote banks intact and for some it could be the effort of the Government to reach out to the poorer sections of the society. But the decision looks like major developments which are taking place since the ruling party came into power in 2014. We can hope that this decision at least benefit the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category candidates.