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NGO Registration Online

All about NGO Registration in India and all the provisions of NGO regulating Acts in India are covered here.

Package Inclusions
  • NGO Deed/ Registration Instrument Drafting
  • NGO Registration
  • NGO Registration Number
  • PAN & TAN
  • Bank Account Opening template
  • Free Call by CA about the Compliance requirement
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What is NGO?

NGO or Non Governmental Organizations are a non-profit organization that is incorporated to support the underprivileged section of the society. It works for the advancement of different issues like social, cultural, legal, environmental, art, science, etc. As the name Non-Government Organization suggests, they are operated by citizens on voluntary initiatives without any interference from central or state governments.

What is the Need for NGO Registration?

You are recommended to get the NGO Registration done if you are willing to establish a non-profit organization and work with an objective towards the betterment or advancement of any particular section of the society. Getting NGO Registration provides legal authority to the entity and makes it more credible in the eyes of the law and contributors.

In India one can go for NGO registration in three legally possible ways;

  • Trust registration, regulated under The Indian trusts Act, 1882
  • Society registration supervised under Societies Registration Act, 1860
  • Section 8 Company registration governed under Companies Act, 2013

As all three NGO models are regulated by separate acts there are many distinct features of every model. One can choose a working model based on their personal requirement and preference, along with scale and diversity of operations. We will discuss this in detail in this article to ensure some clarity for you.

What is the NGO Registration Procedure in India?

Here, we have provided a glimpse of the registration procedure for NGO all the available legal entities.

Trust Registration Procedure in India

As per Indian trust Act following are the minimum requirement as a Trust in India;

  • Clarity as to for what purpose it is created
  • Intention to create a Trust
  • Clear definition of the beneficiary
  • Trust property assigned by the assignee

Once all the above required pre-requisites are met with you can proceed by following these basic steps;

  • STEP 1:

    Draft the Trust Deed

  • STEP 2:

    Choose an appropriate name for your NGO

  • STEP 3:

    Determine the settler, minimum 2 trustees and a clear definition of who will be the beneficiary.

  • STEP 4:

    Prepare the MOA and by-laws and execute a proper trust deed containing all the key provisions and clauses.

  • STEP 5:

    The Trust Deed must be executed on stamp paper of sufficient value based on the value of the property assigned to the Trust.

  • STEP 6:

    Finally, the Trust Deed must be signed by all the trustees and settlor and registered with the Local Registrar of the area in which registered office of the NGO is located.

Documents Required for Trust Registration

The documents needed for registration of Trust are as follows;

  • Details of Trustees, such as; name, designation, contact information, email address, father’s name of trustees, two photographs
  • Address proofs of trustees and settlers. It may include the voter’s ID, driving license, passport, etc.
  • Electricity/house tax/water bill or ownership proof of the property
  • In case of rented property, the following documents are required includes rent deed/agreement, NOC from landlord on a stamp paper worth Rs. 10, name of landlord, father’s name, address
  • Also, the physical presence of settlers and two witnesses is a mandatory with original ID proofs at the time of registration

Society Registration Procedure in India

If you are planning for registering a NGO in the form of a Society you are required to follow following simple steps:

  • STEP 1:

    Choose an apt name for your NGO

  • STEP 2:

    The State Governments concerns with registering NGOs in form of Society. You need to submit 2 copies all the prescribed documents to the Registrar of the Societies of the State Government

  • STEP 3:

    After evaluation of all the documents submitted by you, the Incorporation Certificate along with a NGO Registration Number will be allotted , is the authorities finds everything to be correct

  • STEP 4:

    The process of allotment of Incorporation Certificate generally takes about a month to complete

Documents Required for Registering a Society

The following documents are required for Society Registration;

  • A covering letter to the government making a request to form
  • Memorandum of Association {MOA}
  • Copy of rules and regulations of the Society
  • A list of all the members of the Society
  • Office bearer’s affidavit
  • Residential proofs of all the members
  • NOC from the landlord or proof of address in case of rented property

Section 8 Company Registration Procedure in India

If you are planning for registering a NGO in the form of a Section 8 Company, then there are certain additional formalities that are required to be met with. Following steps are involved in the form of a Section 8 Company:

  • STEP 1:

    Choose an apt name for your NGO and make sure that it does not resemble any already registered company or Limited Liability Partnership. This proposed named must be filed for reservation through Reserve Unique Name facility available on the MCA portal. Maximum 2 names can be filed through in one go.

  • STEP 2:

    Once name is approved you are required to prepare the MOA and AOA of the organization along some other required documents like projected Profit and loss statement, statement of assets and liabilities, brief description of work etc.

  • STEP 3:

    File incorporation application in SPICe Form along with the required document as attachments.

  • STEP 4:

    After proper verification of the application Certificate of Incorporation (COI) and License will be issued. This COI will contain the Company Identification Number (CIN) along with Company’s PAN & TAN number.

Documents Required for Section 8 Company Registration

  • PAN and ID proofs (Passport, driving license, Voter ID) of all the promoters/directors
  • Any of the following Address proof ; telephone bill, electricity bill bank Statement
  • Passport size photographs of all the promoters/directors
  • Rent agreement in case the office is situated in a rented building
  • NOC from the owner of the office
  • Utility bills of the registered office
  • Details of the directors in other company, if any

What are the Factors Influencing the Choice of Model for NGO Registration

In current world many good Samaritans are realizing the need and value of upliftment of underprivileged and recognition of other important social causes. With an intention to help large section of society is engaging in social causes and plans to set up nonprofit organizations.

In the process of NGO registration, the first crucial decision among many is to choose the type of model among trust, society and Section 8 Company. As we have discussed earlier, there are multiple options available and one is required to narrow down their choice. This choice is influenced by many factors which we will discuss in brief here.

Following factors play a vital role in choosing the legal status for NGO:

  • What’s your Orientation?

    Apart from the fact that NGO is done for charitable purpose one has to clearly define the purpose or vision of the organization. The vision also influenced the choice.

  • Level of Operation

    Another crucial factor will be the operational level of the intended organization. The scale of operation is important point of consideration. Therefore, if the area of operation will be regional, state-level, national etc. must be decided beforehand.

  • Structure of the organization

    Structure of the organization is also being determined before initiating NGO registration. If the contributors are different from the actual management then Section 8 Company is a better option from a society and vice versa.

  • Compliance Requirements

    Before making a final decision regarding NGO it is required that one must consider all the compliance requirements for different types of set up. As in case of Section 8 Company annual compliances under Companies Act, 2013 are a mandatory requirement, Trust and Society do have any such annual compliance requirements.

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Frequently Asked Questions about NGO Registration in India

In general practice you will be eligible for government funding after 3 years of successful NGO registration. However, in certain special cases if the NGO can get project approvals government funding can be acquired after just one year of NGO registration.

No, promoters are not eligible to receive any kind of dividend out of the earnings as Section 8 company work with charitable objects. If any promoter has incurred any expenses or cost while performing any duly on behalf of the NGO then only such amount can be reimbursed to the promoters by the organization.

Following are the minimum no of member required for NGO registration;

1. For Trust, minimum 3 members are required. One Assignee and minimum two trustees.

2. For Society, minimum 7 members are required. However, if the society is registered on national level than 8 members are required from different states.

3. For Section 8 Company, minimum 2 members are required.

In order to accept any king of foreign grants the NGO is required to acquire FCRA registration under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.

In general practice FCRA registration can be applied only after expiry of 3 years from the date of NGO registration. However, after successful NGO registration the entity can apply for 'prior approval' under FCRA regulation for accepting foreign remittance. In order to apply for prior approval following conditions must be satisfied;

1. The foreign grant will be remitted by a specific contributor.

2. Such grant will be utilized for a specific project.

3. NGO must be in possession of a approval letter issued by such contributor.

The most important point of consideration before initiating the NGO registration procedure is finalizing a name for the proposed NGO. Following factors must e considered in the process;

1. The proposed name must not violate any of the provisions of The Names and Emblems (Prevention of Improper Use) Act 1950.

2. The proposed and must not be obscene or shall not indicate any kind of mis-regard to any section of society or group of people.

3. The name for the proposed NG registration must not indicate any kind of affiliation to any government body.

4. Name must not be similar to any already registered entity in that particular category.

Following person can become a member at the time of NGI registration;

1. Any resident individual.

2. Any foreigner can also subscribe to the incorporation document.

3. Any registered partnership Firm or limited Liability Partnership.

4. Company registered under Companies act, 2013.

5. Any registered society.

Yes. after NGO registration is completed you are recommended to apply for 80G and 12A registration under Income Tax Act, 1961. These registrations ensure dual tax exemptions, to the NGO as well as to its donors.

At Enterslice, we have group of expert professionals like Chartered Accountants, Company Secretaries, lawyers and other industry experts who are dedicated towards a common goal i.e. customer satisfaction. We provide consultation is choosing the best business model for your non-profit organization. Along with that we ensure smooth and hassle free NGO registration services.

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