Recovery of Shares

Share Recovery vs. Share Transfer: Key Differences and Implications

Share Recovery vs. Share Transfer Key Differences and Implications


It is crucial to comprehend the differences between share recovery and share transfer in the context of corporate governance. The main distinctions between these procedures and the consequences for shareholders as well as companies are the focus of this blog. Understanding these distinctions can help stakeholders navigate ownership issues more skillfully, protecting legal rights and maintaining business integrity.

Difference between Share Recovery and Share Transfer

  • Nature and Initiation

Share Transfer: The shareholder typically initiates a voluntary share transfer. It entails the legal transfer of shares from one party to another, often through sale, purchase agreements, gifts, or inheritance. The shareholder themselves initiates the share transfer. 

Share Recovery: In share recovery, the shares are transferred to IEPF when they are unclaimed for a certain period of time. These shares are held in custody by the IEPF until their legitimate owners claim them.

  • Right of Ownership

Share Transfer: During the share transfer procedure, the ownership rights of the new shareholder are legally transferred to them, giving them control and decision-making power. The acquiring party acquires legal ownership of the shares.

Share Recovery: During the share recovery procedure, the ownership rights to the shares may be temporarily suspended or contested. If the recovery is successful, the legitimate shareholder could have their original ownership rights returned.

  • Legal Status

Share Transfer: Share transfers abide by the legal and regulatory frameworks established by shareholder agreements, company laws, and other rules which are found relevant to the transfers in question. 

READ  What is the Process for Claiming Back Shares from Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) Suspense Account?

Share Recovery: The Companies Act 1and IEPF Rules provide precise guidelines for recovering shares from IEPF. The IEPF authority controls adherence to these rules.

  • Parties Involved

Share Transfer: In a share transfer, the transferring shareholder and the acquiring shareholder are the main parties involved. They negotiate the transfer’s terms and conditions, such as the price and the method of payment.

Share Recovery: Several parties are involved in share recovery. The original shareholder attempts to restore their shares, along with the company in which the shareholder has an unclaimed share and IEFP.

  • Implications 

Share Transfer: Share transfer have an effect on the company’s ownership structure, level of control, and decision-making process. It can also have financial consequences. 

Share Recovery: When the rightful owner of the shares reclaims the share back from IEPF, they regain the ownership status, but if the funds remain unclaimed, then the funds can be used for other purposes as mentioned in Company laws or IEPF regulations.


Shareholders and companies need to understand the difference between share transfer and share recovery. Ownership issues can be navigated more skillfully by stakeholders when they are aware of the nature, initiation, legal consequences, and overall impact of these processes. Individuals can reach informed decisions, protect their rights, and promote the principles of good corporate governance by being aware of these crucial distinctions.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the transfer of shares by a law called?

The transfer of shares done by law is called the transmission of shares

What are the different types of transfer of shares?

The transfer can be of various types, including partial transfer of shares or full transfer of shares etc. 

What is the key difference between share transfer and share transmission?

The key difference between both is that in the transfer of shares, the ownership can be transferred to someone unrelated, while in the transmission of shares, the owner of shares is only by inheritance.

What is the transfer of shares in a company?

The act of changing ownership of shares from one individual or company to another, often through a sale or gift, is referred to as the transfer of shares in a company.

What is the difference between transfer and transfer of shares?

A transfer is the act of transferring ownership or possession of something from one person to another, whereas a transfer of shares is the process of specifically passing ownership of shares from one shareholder to another.

How do we transfer shares?

Shares can be transferred by preparing a valid share transfer deed, which must be signed by both the transferor and transferee, and submitting it with the necessary documentation.

Read our Article: Transmission of Shares under Companies Act, 2013



Trending Posted