Company Registration

Difference Between Private and Public Limited Company

Difference Between Private and Public Limited Company

General Difference Between Private and Public Limited Company as Per Companies Amendment Act 2017

In this article, we will discuss about the difference between Private and Public Limited Company. A public limited company which accepts deposit from the Public whereas private limited cannot do so.

General Difference Between Private and Public Limited Company as Per Companies Amendment Act 2017
S.No SECTION AND ITS PROVISION PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED COMPANY
1 Section 117 for the filing of resolutions passed by Board in BM under section 179(3) read with Rule 8 Required to be filed Not required to be filed. Private Limited company are exempted from filing under  this section i.e., the exemption granted through a notification dated 5th June 2015
2 Section 180 related to the sale, lease or dispose of the whole or substantially the whole of the undertaking of the company Related to borrowing Shareholders’ approval by way of Special resolution in general meeting is required Shareholders’ approval by way of SR not  required, only Board resolution is enough
3 Section 160 Related to deposit of security deposit at the time of proposing the candidature of a person as a Director Required to be deposited Not required
4 Section 162 Related to unanimous shareholders approval  at a meeting for considering the appointment of two or more  directors by a single resolution Required Not required
5 Section 184 Related to ‘interested director’  participation in the concerned matter in a proposed Board meeting in which he/she is interested Cannot participate Can participate after giving disclosure of such interest in form MBP-1
6 Section 185 Related to loans to Directors Cannot give loans to Directors and firm in which director or relative is a partner Cannot give loans to Directors and firm in which director or relative is a partner
7 Section 196(4) and (5) Related to the appointment of MD, WTD, Manager subject to the approval of shareholders  by resolution at next GM and by CG if the appointment is in terms of schedule V Also filing of form MR-1 within 60 days of Appointment Applicable Applicable approval of shareholders not required i.e., the exemption granted through a notification dated 5th June 2015 Not applicable
8 Section 73 Acceptance of deposits from members and their relatives Cannot accept Can accept from directors and their relatives
9 Section 152(6) Related to the retirement of Directors by rotation Applicable Not applicable
10 Section 161(4) Related to a casual vacancy inboard  to be filled by director Applicable Not applicable
11 Section 177 Audit Committee Paid Up Capital of 10 Cr. Or turnover of 100 Cr. Required to constitute a audit committee not Applicable
12 Section 178 Nomination & Remuneration Committee Paid Up Capital of 10Cr. Or turnover of 100 Cr. OR Outstanding Loans & Borrowings exceeds 50 Cr. Required to constitute a Nomination & Remuneration CommitteeNot Applicable
13 Section 177 Vigil Mechanism Company which accept deposit from the Public; Borrowed money from Banks and Public Financial Institution in excess of 50 Cr. Not Applicable
14 Section 149,152 Applicability of appointment of Independent, a Woman director Applicable but subject to certain prescribed limits Not applicable
15 Certification by PCS through Form MGT-8 Every Company having Paid up share capital of Rs. 10 Cr. Or more or having Turnover of Rs. 50 Crore or more Every Company having Paid up share capital of Rs. 10 Cr. Or more or having Turnover of Rs. 50 Crore or more
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