RBI Notification

Reserve Bank of India (Government Securities Lending) Directions, 2023

Government Securities Lending

The RBI has recently proposed the introduction of securities lending and borrowing for government securities (G-sec) through its Draft Reserve Bank of India (Government Securities Lending[1]) Directions, 2023. This change is meant to give investors a chance to make money by putting their unused securities to use in the securities lending market. The proposal has the potential to revolutionize the Indian securities market, and in this blog post, we take a closer look at the proposal and its potential implications.


Investors can lend their government securities to other market participants for a fee under the plan. In return, the borrower puts up cash or other securities as collateral. When the transaction is over, the cash or other securities are returned. Some of the key features of the proposed scheme are:

  • Transactions last for a minimum of one day and a maximum of 90 days.
  • Only central government-issued securities, not Treasury Bills, would be permitted for lending or borrowing in a GSL transaction.
  • Treasury Bills and Central and State Government Securities are both acceptable forms of collateral for a GSL transaction.
  • Companies that are permitted to conduct repo transactions involving government securities are eligible to lend securities, as are any other businesses that have received the Reserve Bank’s approval.

Potential Benefits of Securities Lending and Borrowing for Government Securities

Securities lending and borrowing for (G-sec) can be good for both market participants and the market as a whole in a number of ways. Some of these benefits are:

  • Increased liquidity: The introduction of securities lending and borrowing can lead to increased liquidity in the G-sec market. This is because it allows investors to lend and borrow securities for a fee, which can attract more participants to the market and facilitate transactions.
  • Efficient use of securities: Securities lending and borrowing can help market participants optimize their securities holdings. For example, if an investor has excess securities in their portfolio, they can lend them to another investor who needs them, earning a fee in the process. This can help investors earn additional returns on their securities that would otherwise remain idle.
  • Enhanced market depth: A deeper market can help improve the accuracy of price discovery for government securities. With more market participants, there is a greater diversity of opinions and a wider range of transactions, which can help establish more accurate pricing.
  • Improved access to borrowing: Securities lending and borrowing can improve access to borrowing for market participants who may otherwise find it difficult to obtain government securities on their own. This can level the playing field and enable a wider range of investors to participate in the market.
  • Increased flexibility: The introduction of securities lending and borrowing can provide market participants with more flexibility in managing their securities holdings. Investors can use the fees earned from lending their securities to invest in other assets or to cover other expenses.
READ  RBI Notification: Positive Pay Mechanism for Cheques

Overall, the introduction of securities lending and borrowing for government securities can provide several potential benefits for market participants and the market as a whole. By improving liquidity, optimizing the use of securities, enhancing market depth, improving access to borrowing, and increasing flexibility, the G-sec market can become more efficient and transparent.

What are G-Sec Yields?

  • Definition: G-secs, or government securities or government bonds, are instruments that governments use to borrow money.
  • Purpose: Governments frequently experience deficits, which occur when they spend more than they take in from taxes. They must therefore borrow money from the public.
  • Safety: G-secs are the lowest-risk investments. After all, the chances of the government not repaying your money are nearly nil. As a result, it is the most secure investment one can make.
  • Structure: G-secs are different from everyday lending between two private individuals or entities. They are structured in a way that makes them highly secure.
  • Tenure: G-secs can have different tenures, ranging from short-term to long-term. The maturity period of a G-sec ranges from 91 days to 40 years.
  • Interest payment: The interest on a G-sec is paid to the investor in two ways – either through periodic interest payments, known as coupon payments, or through a lump sum payment at maturity, known as the redemption value.
  • Coupon rate: The coupon rate is the interest rate that is specified in the bond document and determines the amount of periodic interest payments that the investor will receive.
  • Market dynamics: The yield on a G-sec is determined by market dynamics, which include factors such as demand and supply, prevailing interest rates, and inflation expectations.
  • Yield curve: This is a graphical representation of the yields of different G-secs with varying maturities. It shows the relationship between yield and maturity, with longer-term securities generally having higher yields than shorter-term securities.
  • Role in monetary policy: G-secs play a crucial role in the monetary policy of a country. Central banks use G-secs to manage liquidity in the banking system, by buying or selling them in the open market to influence interest rates.
  • Investment options: G-secs are popular investment options for individuals, banks, and institutional investors. They provide a safe and secure investment avenue with guaranteed returns, making them an attractive choice for risk-averse investors.
  • Impact of credit ratings: The credit rating of a government can has an impact on the yield of its G-secs. A higher credit rating refers to a lower risk of default and can result in lower yields, while a lower credit rating may result in higher yields to compensate for the increased risk.
READ  Master Direction on Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs), 2021


In conclusion, Government Securities Lending (GSL) is a promising initiative proposed by the Reserve Bank of India to provide investors with an opportunity to earn returns by deploying idle securities in the securities lending market. The scheme is expected to encourage wider participation in the market, which in turn could help boost the liquidity of government securities. G-secs, on the other hand, are government securities or government bonds that governments use to borrow money. They carry the lowest risk of all investments, making them a safe investment option for investors. With the introduction of GSL, investors can now potentially earn returns on their G-secs, further enhancing the appeal of these securities. Overall, the RBI’s move to introduce GSL is expected to benefit both investors and the government, by providing a more efficient and transparent market for government securities transactions.

Also Read:
RBI Recent Guidelines on Government Securities Market
RBI’s Retail Direct Scheme to facilitate investment in G-Secs
Mandatory Norms under RBI Regulations on Digital Lending

Trending Posted