ISO 9000 Certification The birth of ISO 9000 took place some twenty years before the standards...
It has been reported that every day about 7500 people die from work-related hazards or diseases – of this about 1000 people die from accidents at their place of occupation and about 6500 from work-related diseases. As per the international Labor Organization (ILO), more than 2.78 million deaths are reported every year due to these reasons. Other than this there are approximately 374 million deaths due to non-fatal work-related diseases and illness every year. ISO OHSAS 18001 Certification.
In view of the above statistics, the International Organization for Standardization in liaison with other international organizations has devised standards that are required to be followed by organizations to ensure that cases of injuries and deaths due to workplace-related issues are minimized substantially as well as employers are able to provide transparent and trustworthy processes within the organization. Organizations that follow standards for occupational health and safety systems are able to gain the confidence and reputation of all involved stakeholders – employees, customers, shareholders and even the public in general.
The newest standard on Occupational health and safety management systems is the ISO 45001 that has been drawn from the OHSAS 18001. The OHSAS 18001 also called the British Standard Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series is aimed at providing organizations the framework to demonstrate sound and sensible occupational health and safety parameters in the organization. Over a period of next three years, this benchmark for health and safety management system is to be replaced by ISO 45001. The new standard is not a revision or an update of its predecessor and organizations would be required to re-align their current practices and objectives to remain compliant with the international Occupational health and safety management systems
Though there are differences, it has been noted that an organization compliant with OHSAS 18001 will provide a sound and strong platform for them to migrate to ISO 45001.
In the ISO 45001, the role of the management leadership team has been emphasized. The top management of the company should take accountability for preventing work-related injuries to provide a safe and healthy working environment. They are accountable and responsible for the health and safety of their employees. The top management is required to be actively or proactively involved in taking initiatives to improve OH&S systems. It is the top management’s role to ensure that workers participate in the OH&S systems, both managerial and non-managerial staff; that any worker who reports hazards and risks is protected. It has been clearly mentioned that the top management can delegate tasks but not their responsibility.
The OHSAS system was developed by the OHSAS project group that consisted of members from national standard bodies, academic bodies, accreditation agencies, certifying bodies and institutions dealing in occupational safety and health. The British Standards Institution (BSI) of United Kingdom also played a prominent part in the drawing up the standards. The project group published the standards in 1999. The OHSAS 18001 was updated in July 2007. At this point in time, the revisions were made aligning them with the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 thereby making it easy for organizations to adopt the system with the management standard systems. For many organizations, the combination of all the three systems has worked well in minimizing costs and work oriented disturbances.
The OHSAS 18001 helps organizations to:-
The OHSAS 18001 is applicable for all types of industries and across all boundaries of geography, social and cultural conditions.
The OHSAS 18001 system is highly flexible. It can be customized as per requirement. It can also be based on an existing system in place if any.
Implementation of the OHSAS 18001 system requires the following:-
The first step to undertake the migration process is undertaking an internal gap analysis. The purpose of this analysis is to find out if the current system has many loopholes and weaknesses before going in for a formal assessment by a third party independent agency, also known as the certification body. For the internal audit, following the ‘Plan, Do, Check and Act’ approach will make the transition smooth. During the independent certification body audit, it is important that the body analyzes that the system is incomplete conformation to guidelines of ISO 45001. Two important aspects of the audit are to check the documentation and implementation.