Exploring the Importance of NBFC Registration

Exploring the Importance of NBFC Registration

The importance of NBFC registration has evolved over the years by addressing extensive changes in the regulation framework for NBFC financial banking services. NBFC bank regulations have moved from a simplified regulatory framework to stringent and extension regulations and compliances to safeguard the interest of the customers in this emerging economy. With this high level of NBFC rules and regulations, the importance of NBFC registration has woken more customers in recent years. NBFC banking solutions are one of the preferred financial services among customers due to their low cost of operations and easy documentation, unlike traditional banks. One of the major reasons behind the importance of NBFC registration in India is that the NBFC acts as an intermediary in the ecosystem of India by channelizing banking services such as savings and investments mostly connected to small-scale industries, retail sectors, low-income customers, etc. Unlike traditional banks, NBFC banks do not hold a banking license.

Additionally, the importance of NBFC registration in India has risen due to the various programs and initiatives taken by the government of India to support NBFC registration by introducing various schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana This scheme is backed by the government to boost the importance of NBFC registration has contributed a significant increase in the number of customers bank accounts. During times of financial distress, the importance of NBFC bank registration has been recognized due to its ability to mitigate and manage the financial risk spread.  

Delving into the Crucial Aspect of NBFC Registration

NBFC banks have played an important role and integral part of financial services by providing various financial service facilities such as loans, credit facilities, retirement planning, etc. As such the importance of NBFC registration has met the financial needs or requirements of an unorganized sector and for small borrowers at the local level and various other interior locations where the service of traditional banking is not available.

Ongoing economic stress in connection to the public sector banks, such as the increasing number of bad debts and deterioration in lending to rural areas, has increased the importance of NBFC registration. Moreover, NBFC financial services have created a strong buzz across the Indian fintech sectors. The importance of NBFC registration in India has gained attention due to its vast potential to disrupt the current and traditional banking system. In the field of lending, asset management, deposits, and credit systems of NBFC services are gaining more attention, leading to the vast number of NBFC registrations for availing such services to potential customers.

NBFC registration is important in uplifting entrepreneurs and businesses seeking to run NBFC financial services across India. To run valid or legal NBFC banking operations, a valid NBFC registration is a must to prevent any legal liabilities and heavy penalties. NBFC registration also ensures gaining the trust of clients and investors by showing its legitimacy and building confidence in the financial market, attracting more customers. NBFC registration not only bestows legal authority but also demonstrates compliance and regulatory standards for running financial services by protecting the interests of the stakeholders. Moreover, the importance of NBFC registration also opens a door for a customer to access various financial instruments and products, enabling NBFC companies to participate actively in the diverse landscape of India’s financial environment.

What are the role and features of NBFC registration?

The importance of NBFC registration role and features is not limited to banking services lending to an underserved section of the economy, that could not meet the eligibility criteria of traditional banks. The importance of NBFC registration of banking services has also extensively contributed to generating employment, creation of wealth, and various other developments in connection with the core infrastructure and transportation.

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According to the RBI financial stability report, NBFC banks are performing better than banks. The importance of the NBFC registration is that it is significantly growing and promoting India’s economic growth. Given below are some of the roles and features of exploring the importance of NBFC registration:

Inclusive Lending

NBFC helps customers who are commonly rejected by traditional banks due to failure to meet eligibility criteria.

Versatile Portfolio

NBFC banks provide a versatile portfolio to their respective investors by giving them the option to invest in multiple NBFC banking operations, such as market instruments, stocks, and shares, to receive a high number of returns.

Diversified services

For tailoring the needs of financial services by different income streams customer, a tailored portfolio management and wealth management services are also provided by the non-banking financial companies.

Operational Efficiency

Due to the less complexity of the documentation and compliances, NBFC banking services are much faster than those of traditional banks, along with low-cost loan offerings.

Growth in Unexpected territories

NBFC financial institutions have obtained opportunities by streamlining their financial market in the areas and territories that are not touched by traditional banks, especially in rural areas where financial services are limited and accessible. Thus, NBFC banks taking advantage of such a situation have provided a financial service by meeting the financial needs of this section of society.

What is the Importance of NBFC Registration Eligibility Criteria?

Any company that is willing to open an NBFC bank in India must meet the eligibility criteria for applying for an NBFC license. Given below are some of the major criteria to be fulfilled by the applicant company:

1.      A company must ensure that they are registered as a company under the Companies Act of 2013.

2.      A minimum net-owned fund of Rs.10 crore has to be deposited by the applicant bank.

3.      A company seeking an NBFC license must ensure that the main business operation is financial services.

4.      The concerned authority, while considering the application by the applicant bank, shall look at various factors of the applicant company, such as financial track records, net worth, and expertise of the management.

5.      The Reserve Bank of India is the concerned authority that regulates NBFC banks and thus provides an important guideline to be followed by NBFC banks. It says that the directors and promoters of the applicant company should be fit and proper individuals meeting the requirements according to the RBI.

What is the Importance of NBFC registration Procedure?

Any company that desires to run an NBFC financial business has to comply with the NBFC registration procedure according to the RBI guidelines. Given below are the procedures that every company has to follow to receive NBFC registration in India:

1. Firstly, the applicant company seeking an NBFC license has to be registered under the Companies Act of 2013 to apply before the concerned authority.

2. Secondly, the applicant company has to apply by filling out the forms that are available on the RBI official website or from the office of the RBI. After filling out the form, an applicant company must attach all the important documents to the Reserve Bank Of India for further consideration. Once the document is submitted, an acknowledgement receipt will be provided to the applicant to track the application status.

3. Thirdly, once the RBI is satisfied with the documents submitted by the applicant company after due verifications and evaluation on its authenticity then only it will issue the certificate of RBI registration for operating NBFC financial business.

4. A minimum net-owned fund of Rs.10 crore in the form of equity form has to be submitted by the applicant company before the concerned authority RBI.

5. After opening a bank account NBFC bank has to transfer the funds to such bank account as a fixed deposit.

6. Lastly, the concerned authority RBI will evaluate such applications and documents submitted by the applicant company and thus accordingly issue a certificate on NBFC registration for commencing the business.  

Importance of NBFC Registration Regulatory Compliance

After the applicant’s company gets a green signal from the concerned authority to run NBFC financial services or obtain a license, various regulatory compliance has to be fulfilled by such NBFC banks to stay relevant and avoid any penalties and legal liabilities. Given below are some of the importance of NBFC registration regulatory compliance are:

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Adequate Capital Adequacy Ratio Maintenance (CAR)

To maintain and ensure financial stability and solvency, NBFC banks are mandatory to maintain a minimum Capital Adequacy Ratio.

Asset Classification and Provisioning

NBFC banks have to follow the various guidelines and master circular issued by the RBI to classify assets and make provisions for bad loans.

Prudential Norms

RBI as the concerned authority sets guidelines for exposures to individual borrowers and group borrowers and also various other restrictions on investments and lending to connected parties.

Requirements of Reporting

NBFC banks must also maintain a record and report the same to the concerned authority i.e. RBI. Such reports include financial statements, operational data and various other compliance reports.

Anti-money laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and compliance

Like any other financial service, NBFCs in India have also maintained robust AML and KYC policies to combat illegal activities and money laundering.

Fair Practices Code

According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), NBFC banks have to follow a fair practice code to ensure transparency in their business operation practices especially while dealing with customers.

NBFC Registration Fees and Timeline

There are indeed certain fees and timelines associated with NBFC registration in India. A prospective NBFC registration applicant should be aware of such fees and timelines before applying for an NBFC license. However, the Reserve Bank of India is the concerned authority that determines the NBFC registration fee structure, and the same is also subject to periodic changes. Every NBFC license applicant needs to understand and frame the budget accordingly, along with navigating the timeline for an NBFC registration process, which usually takes from several months to a year. Therefore, by gaining an idea of fee structures and timelines, entrepreneurs and companies can effectively make a plan accordingly and manage their resources for operating NBFC banking services.

NBFC Registration Consultants in India

To have a seamless journey during NBFC registration, guidance from expert professionals who specialize in financial and regulatory matters will enhance the navigating of the complexities involved in the NBFC registration procedure according to the RBI regulation framework. In India, there are several consultancy company experts who tailor the specific needs of a company or an NBFC registration. This consultancy company is equipped with expert professionals with in-depth knowledge of various regulatory landscapes, and thus, their support can streamline the importance of the NBFC registration procedure for obtaining an NBFC license for running financial services in India. Thus, engaging a reputable consultancy company for NBFC registration shall significantly lessen the burden on the applicant company for NBFC registration.

Challenges and Solutions in NBFC Registration

With any regulatory process, there are always challenges attached to it; NBFC registration, on the other hand, has its share of struggles and challenges during the procedure of NBFC registration. These challenges may vary from state to state, such as documentation complexity, the constantly evolving regulatory environment, and the need for stringent compliance to protect from various illegal activities. Such challenges can be protected from arising if strategic approaches are adopted, such as engaging experienced lawyers, maintaining transparency in disclosures, and staying up-to-date with regulatory changes. Thus, the applicant company, by addressing potential challenges diligently, can tailor the NBFC registration with confidence and efficiency.

Importance of NBFC Registration in Indian Economy

India has an extensive financial services market comprising non-banking financial companies and various other commercial banks. These NBFC banking businesses are distinct from other traditional banks and provide a wide range of financial services to customers, such as loans and chit funds. Despite the current downturn in the global economy, the importance of NBFC registration has boosted the financial market significantly. However, to enter into the infrastructure project, the importance of NBFC registration plays a vital role in meeting the eligible criteria and raising India’s economic growth. One of the unique features of the NBFC financial service is fulfilling the needs of the low-income sections of the economy and meeting the financial requirements of both urban and rural locations that could not meet the eligibility criteria of traditional banking.

NBFC financial services have also played a key role in uplifting SMEs or small and medium enterprises as they offer a range of various financial products like business loans, working capital loans for buying machinery, and trade finance for expanding the growth of the company’s business operations. Additionally, NBFC banks also boost consumer spending by providing loans to purchase various important consumer expenses such as vehicle loans, education loans, housing loans, etc., leading to extensive economic growth in India.

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Non-banking Financial Companies thus plays a vital role in the Indian financial system. The importance of NBFC registration is to ensure that such banking services are operating after obtaining a legitimate license from the concerned authority. A failure to comply with the NBFC banking regulations will lead to legal liabilities and heavy penalties to compensate such discrepancies by the NBFC bank.

Some of the major importance of NBFC registration in the Indian economy are as follows:

Financial Inclusion

NBFC banks provide credit and financial facilities to underserved sections of the society, promoting financial inclusion in the Indian Economy.


With NBFC registration in India, a diversified financial landscape has been introduced by offering customers various specialized services, unlike traditional banks. Therefore, the importance of NBFC registration has significantly evolved the financial environment overall in the Indian economy.

Economic Growth

One of the major importance of NBFC registration in India is that NBFC banking services have contributed extensively to the GDP growth of the nation such as MSMEs, infrastructure, and housing.

Employment generation

With the establishment of NBFC banking services, it has also generated a huge number jobs for the public by supporting or helping small business operations, and by facilitating various economic activities.


NBFC banks have also played a very important role in adopting the latest advanced technology in their financial business operations by introducing innovative financial products, driving competition, and improving financial services.

Risk Management

For maintaining stability in operating financial services, NBFC banks have a legitimate risk management system to prevent illegal activities like money laundering and terrorist financing.


In conclusion, NBFC registration in India holds a significant role in establishing non-banking financial companies’ credibility, legitimacy, and various other regulatory compliances, according to the RBI. This comprehensive NBFC registration procedure ensures that NBFC banking companies adhere to a stringent standard of financial and operational NBFC regulation frameworks. This broadly safeguards the interests of both customers and the financial system. RBI is the principal authority that regulates the functioning of NBFC financial services in India according to the RBI Act; they are indeed responsible for conducting rigorous due diligence, eligibility criteria, and various other regulatory and compliance frameworks for maintaining fit and proper NBFC banking services. RBI also conducts time-to-time checks on the NBFC banks to maintain its integrity and stability in the financial sector markets. Thus, the applicant bank, after successfully navigating the NBFC registration procedure, will gain legal recognition and success to various fundings from multiple investors, enhancing their capability to serve or provide essential financial services to various sections of the Indian economy. Therefore, NBFC banks contribute significantly to the economic growth in India, thus enhancing the inclusivity of financial activities.


  1. Why is the importance of NBFC registration?

    NBFC registration plays a crucial role in running a legal NBFC business operation. Registering an NBFC with RBI is important so that a certificate of registration is issued to applicants seeking for NBFC finance companies. Without an NBFC license from RBI, no company can run a NBFC company in India.

  2. What are the benefits of NBFC registration?

    Some of the major benefits of NBFC registration in India are loans and credit financial facilities, trade in money market instruments, wealth management by managing portfolios of stocks and shares, and providing services to underserved sections of the economy that are not eligible for traditional banking.

  3. What are the characteristics of NBFC?

    NBFC banks lend and make investments like traditional banks, but there is a difference between NBFCs and banks. NBFC does not accept demand deposits, they are not part of the payment and settlement system, they are not eligible to issue cheques on themselves, and they also have no deposit insurance facility.

  4. What is the nature and role of NBFC?

    NBFC banks are commonly known for providing short-term funds to individual customers and businesses to meet various customer requirements, such as loans against gold, shares, property, etc.

  5. What is the classification of NBFC?

    NBFC banks are classified into types of liabilities deposit and non-deposit accepting NBFCs, non-deposit taking NBFCs by their size into systemically important, and other non-deposit holding companies by the kind of activity they conduct.

  6. What are the two types of NBFCs?

    The two types of NBFCs are Infrastructure finance companies, loan companies, etc.

  7. What are the three layers of NBFC?

    The three layers of NBFC are the NBFC-Base layer, NBFC-Middle layer and NBFC-upper Layer.

  8. How many types of NBFCs are there?

    Some of the major types of NBFCs are asset finance companies (AFC), investment companies (IC), loan companies (LC), and infrastructure finance companies (IFC). However, each type of NBFC serves a unique purpose in the economy.

  9. Who controls NBFC?

    NBFC in India is controlled by the RBI, which is the authority that regulates NBFC's financial services business operations.

  10. How to operate NBFC?

    To operate an NBFC banking operation, an applicant company must ensure that it is registered with the Companies Act, 2013, and thus, accordingly, it must apply before the concerned authority meets the requirements according to RBI guidelines.

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