Digital Payments

E-payment and Digital wallet Securing Digital Transactions

E-payment and Digital wallet Securing Digital Transactions

With the advancement of technology, various digital innovations have been introduced, such as the use of smartphones, which has rapidly increased among people, resulting in new wallets in our phones. This wallet is famously known as a digital wallet or digital transactions, creating a revolution in digital India cashless transactions. The increasing number of digital transactions in India brings unprecedented convenience and a host of legal challenges.

While both e-payment and digital wallet are similar concepts, there is a slight difference between them. E-payment is an electronic-based payment without the use of both physical cash and checks, like a traditional payment system. Some of the major examples of e-payments are credit card transactions, bank transfers, online payment gateways, etc. Therefore, the e-payment system is a part of digital transactions in India that are processed electronically, unlike traditional payments based on the pen-paper method.

A digital wallet, on the other hand, serves as a channel for e-payments by storing the customer’s credentials for payments through electronic mediums to facilitate transactions. Whenever customers make a payment for a service, they may choose their digital wallet as their payment method. Further, a digital wallet securely communicates the details of the payment to the merchant’s payment system, which then completes the payment transactions. Therefore, e-payment is a broader concept of digital transactions in India, whereas digital wallets are specific tools or methods to facilitate the functioning of electronic digital wallet transactions. Together, both e-payment and digital wallets play a crucial role in digital India cashless transactions that are interconnected with the world.

What is a Digital wallet Online Payment?

A digital wallet is one of the major parts of the e-payment system, a kind of tool that is used to make payments by accessing accounts. Nowadays, the digital wallet is considered one of the most human-friendly and sophisticated payment tools, and it is executed under stringent laws and regulations and complies with the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation). The introduction of the digital wallet transaction method has created an easy and comfortable method to make payments in stores, online purchases, and mobile applications. Unlike traditional methods of payment using paper-based methods, digital wallets have leveraged people to use phones to pay instead of cash or physical credit or debit cards.

What is the legal landscape of Digital Wallet Transaction?

With the growing digital age, e-payment methods have become increasingly popular, and digital wallet transactions are the most popular now. However, building e-payment tools and digital wallet applications is complex in nature and has to meet various legal and regulatory frameworks to ensure the safety and security of the users, making it a user-friendly digital transaction in India.

1.      For developing any e-wallet or digital wallet, a legal compliance and regulatory framework has to be fulfilled to avoid any legal liabilities and penalties.

2.      Consumer protection laws must comply to ensure data privacy and fraud prevention by taking certain measures towards this payment system.

3.      Both Anti-money laundering and know your customer requirements have to comply to combat illegal and money laundering activities. A regular audit has to be conducted to scrutiny the potential risks for safeguarding the reputation of the digital wallet payment system.

4.      A third-party service provider’s comprehensive contractual agreement has to be fulfilled to ensure an efficient digital wallet payment transaction.

5.      Intellectual property rights shall also be protected to ensure that no other company manipulates in the name of another digital wallet service.

What are the Types of Digital wallet

There are several types of digital wallet transaction systems, such as:

Closed Digital Wallet

It is a digital wallet tool that provides a user with an option to make a digital payment transaction through an application or website where users are only offered an option to use the funds stored in the digital wallet and not any other payment transactions. Therefore, under this digital transaction, users are not allowed to make a payment outside the digital wallet issuer.

Semi-Closed Digital Wallet

This digital wallet allows users to make payment transactions at specific merchants and locations based on the agreements and contracts with the wallet issuer. Unlike other digital wallet transactions, it has a limited coverage area.

Open wallet

Open digital wallet secures any kind of payment transactions, allowing users to make fund transfers both online and in-store at any time with easy access. However, recent research has shown that digital payment transactions are extensively used more than any other payment method, such as bank transfers 25%, cash 50%, buy now, pay later 20%, debit cards 17% and virtual account transfers 17%.

Further, the research also shows that 30% of digital wallet users used more than 3 digital wallets at the same time. In 2020, the e-payment method of digital wallets increased by 7% worldwide. However, by 2024, digital wallet transactions are expected to take over half of all global e-commerce payment methods.

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Digital Wallet Regulatory and Compliance Landscape

With the constantly changing regulatory and compliance landscape for e-payment and digital wallet transactions, it is indeed important for a company to keep updated with the regulatory and compliance frameworks as they play an important role in shaping the future of corporate trade payment methods. However, Digital India cashless transactions have, in recent years, gained popularity and become an integral part of our day-to-day payment transactions. Thus, it is important to understand the digital regulatory and compliance landscape. From consumer protection to anti-money laundering measures, the digital wallet industry has to comply with various other regulations as given below:

Consumer protection

Consumer protection is one of the key concerns of the digital wallet regulatory landscape. With the robust digital India cashless transaction, concerned regulators have stepped in to protect the interest of the users. Such implementation includes the security of personal and financial information, mechanisms of dispute resolution, and fraud prevention measures. GDPR, or General Data Protection Regulation under the European Union instant, ensures that the providers of digital wallets secure the user’s personal data with utmost care and transparency.

Anti-Money Laundering and Know Your Customer Regulations

Due to potential anonymity and ease of use, digital wallets have become an attractive target for money launderers. The regulatory authority has implemented stringent laws and regulations on AML and KYC verifications to combat such illicit activities. These regulations make it mandatory for digital wallet providers to conduct a verification of their users and to monitor transactions for suspicious and illegal activities. Such as FATF or Financial Action Task Force has issued guidelines that suggest the digital wallet service providers conduct a CDD (Customer Due Diligence) and implement a transaction monitoring system.

Cross-Border regulations

Digital wallets commonly go beyond geographical boundaries, enabling users to make payments and transactions across the globe effortlessly. However, this also results in complicated cross-border regulations. Every jurisdiction may have its own set of rules and regulations related to foreign exchange controls, remittances, and international fund transfers. Further, it is indeed important for digital wallet providers to tailor such regulation frameworks to meet compliance requirements while serving smooth cross-border payment transaction services. For example, digital wallet service provider like PayPal has navigated their services to comply with multiple country-specific regulations on cross-border digital wallet transactions.

Data Protection and Privacy

Due to the vast number of accesses to a user’s personal details, data protection and privacy have become important concerns to be taken care of by digital wallet service providers. For such, the regulatory authority has taken stringent steps to implement a rule that every digital wallet provider shall take the initiative in handling users’ data responsibly and transparently, ensuring confidentiality. For example, a digital wallet service provider may have to ask for consent from the users before sharing it with third parties.

Interoperability and Standardization

With the increasing use of the digital wallet, achieving interoperability and standardization has become important for ensuring a seamless integration and user-friendly experience. Regulatory authority plays an important role in creating a standard and promoting interoperability among all kinds of digital wallet service providers. Therefore, through this Interoperability and Standardization, users can seamlessly transfer their funds across various other digital wallet platforms; however, their funds are protected regardless of the platform they choose. In India, RBI Reserve Bank of India has mandatorily implemented an interoperability of digital wallets across the country, enhancing users’ ability to make transactions of funds between different digital wallet service providers seamlessly.

Advantages of Digital Wallet

Some of the advantages of digital wallets are as follows:

1. Earn more bonus awards with a digital wallet by providing incentives through credit card use through a digital wallet. However, e-wallets also allow consumers to store their suitable payment methods in one specific place, including credit cards, bank accounts, gift cards, and many more. However, digital wallets help individuals eliminate the need to use money transfers or banking applications, ensuring an easy and quicker way to transfer funds from anywhere and at any time.

2. Digital wallets usually have a minimum zero transaction fees, making them a competitive alternative medium for the transaction of funds through traditional methods.

3. Through a digital wallet, users only have to log in to the wallet app to make a digital transfer without manually introducing payment details like a traditional method of fund transactions. Thus, this seamless method of quick fund transaction service makes digital wallets preferable choices among individuals in the fund transfer method.

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4. Digital Wallet also provides an additional layer of protection by safeguarding the data of the user when making such digital transactions.

Disadvantages of Digital Wallet

 Given below are some of the disadvantages of digital wallet:

1. There is always a chance of losing the phones and devices leading to loss of access to a digital wallet.

2. Digital wallets are also not accepted everywhere despite being popular, especially in abroad and remote areas where the internet is not easily accessible.

3. Digital wallets have unpredictable security. Thus, the user has to have a strong password and security to safeguard the digital wallet.

What are the Examples of Digital Wallet

The best examples of digital wallets are Cash App, Apple Pay, Google Wallet, PayPal, etc. This digital wallet distinguishes itself among its competitors in the digital wallet industry by opting for different methods or strategies providing choices to the users. For example, Google Digital Wallet provides an option for users to add funds to their wallet on their app or device. This same can be later used by the user in-store and online in the business that accepts Google Wallet payments.

Key Challenges of Digital Wallet App & Maintenance

With the benefits of digital wallet transactions, there are several key challenges that an entity has to face while seeking to create a digital wallet that may have a huge impact on product delivery and performance. The key challenges of digital wallet applications and their maintenance are given below.

Regulatory compliance

Must comply with the legal and regulatory frameworks including various other regulatory bodies such as data storage, payment card Industry, data security standard compliances, etc.

Banking Arrangements

The multilateral standard-setting bodies consistently keep updating the standards to protect digital wallet transactions and secure the smooth operational resilience of organizations that are engaged in the business operations of a digital wallet.

Fraud and security

To protect or safeguard the reputation of a company and any future financial losses, a company dealing with the business of e-payment methods must make maximum efforts to secure the digital wallet security system to mitigate a potential risk connected to hacking and security breaches.

Promotion and Adoption

With the rapid increase of digital transactions in India, digital wallets have taken a huge step in transforming the digital India cashless transaction. However, potential users of such services must learn and understand data privacy standards. This is the reason why such transactions are receiving recognitions attached to several other benefits.

Multiple platform support

The company dealing with the business of digital wallet e-payment services must ensure that it is accessible on multiple devices making it user-friendly.

Digital Wallet Solutions Safety Tips

One should always ensure to protect the digital wallet payment transactions along with the method of payment by following the best practices to secure the digital wallet. Below are some of the best practices to secure your digital wallet’s safety.

1. One should use a secure network connection to avoid any discrepancies while using digital wallet transactions.

2. One should ensure that the digital wallet passwords are strong and also keep updating frequently to avoid fraudulent activities.

3. Enable multi-layer authentication by enabling a feature that requires additional steps or procedures to verify beyond the passwords.

4. One should keep their login credentials confidential so that no one can have easy access to their digital wallet.

5. Keep checking the financial statements by constantly monitoring them to identify any irregularities and illegal activities and also to immediately report the potential risk to the concerned authorities.  

6. One should be very careful with unknown email senders; thus, one should use a spam filter and also need to avoid clicking on any unknown links and attachments.

7. Whenever a digital wallet user is making transactions, he should verify the information of recipients before transferring any money, thus always dealing with trusted online retailers is recommended for avoiding any discrepancies.

8. One should set up security alerts to spot and detect if any fraudulent charges or activities are held through digital wallet account transactions.

How do you navigate the features of legal challenges in the digital wallet?

One should navigate the legal challenges of the digital wallet by engaging a professional expert in compliance with regulations of e-payment or digital payment methods. Given below are some of the major key points to be taken care of by the organizations engaged in digital wallet service:

Management of compliance

The company must ensure that they all comply with the latest standard regulations of the digital wallet regulations compliances.

Data Protection and Privacy

With the advancement of technology and robust digital wallet transaction systems, companies engaging in digital wallets must comply with various laws in data protection to meet privacy laws and regulations.

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Dispute Resolution

In cases of fraud and disputes, the company must ensure that they have an expert legal team to resolve the dispute that arises from such digital transactions in India to meet fair and efficient resolutions.

Contractual Expertise

The company must comply with the expert professionals in drafting robust and effective agreements, ensuring that rights and obligations are defined diligently of all parties involved in such business operations.

Policy Advocacy

A company must be equipped with policy advocacy, which shall be responsible for keeping the company updated with various changes connected to digital transactions in India or digital wallets, safeguarding the integrity and security of such a digital environment.

Conclusion

With the increasing number of mobile devices, the number of digital wallet users has increased rapidly, providing options. The regulatory landscape and compliance requirements in digital wallet transaction systems have become complex, stringent, and constantly evolving, with the need to protect or safeguard the interests of the users and service providers. It is the responsibility of the regulatory authority to strike a balance between fostering innovation and ensuring consumer protection, anti-money laundering measures, data privacy, and cross-border regulations. However, digital wallet service provider must tailor such laws and regulations to build trust among their users and to establish a secure and protected reliable digital wallet payment ecosystem. Therefore, with a thorough understanding and compliance with the regulatory landscape for digital wallet transaction systems, it continues to revolutionize corporate trade payments, offering users and individuals convenience and speed digital transactions in India.

FAQs

  1. What is digital payment and its security?

    Digital payments or digital wallet is a type of transactions that take place in a digital mode or online. This means that both the payer and payee transfer funds through an electronic medium. UPI or Unified Payments Interface is one of a kind of digital payment. Here security refers to the protection and safeguarding the user data by implementing encryption and authentication to prevent any kinds of financial illegal activities.

  2. What is the difference between e-wallet and digital payment?

    An E-wallet is a digital version of a traditional wallet that stores and collects the user details on card payment information, payment histories and accordingly provides a service for electronic transactions. Digital payment on the other hand is a broader concept of electronic transactions such as card payments, bank transfers, etc.

  3. What is the e-wallet payment method?

    E-wallet payment method is a kind of electronic card, that is used for making online fund transactions through mediums like smartphones or computers. However, is it used like a credit and debit card. Additionally, e-wallet has to be linked with the users bank account numbers to make fund transactions or payments.

  4. What are two types of e-wallets?

    The two types of e-wallets are closed wallet which are used for making payments for the kinds of services provided by the concerned wallet issuer and semi-closed wallet allows users for shopping and virtual transactions with another user in the same wallet connection.

  5. What are the benefits of using e-wallet?

    The benefits of using an e-wallet are convenience and accessibility, cost-efficiency, global transactions, security and fraud protections, enhanced financial management, etc.

  6. Which is the most commonly used e-wallet?

    The most commonly used e-wallets are Apple Pay, Google Pay, PayPal, etc.

  7. What are the three important characteristics of e-wallet?

    E-wallet payment services have a variety of features and facilities that are quick, easy, and secure fund transactions. However, three important characteristics of e-wallets are rewards and discounts, self-registration, and bill management, and also digital wallets eliminate the need to constantly collect the transaction history form the concerned banks.

  8. How is UPI better than e-wallet?

    UPI is better than e-wallet because it does not require load wallets. Unlike mobile wallets, UPI transactions are directly linked to the user's bank account, thus eliminating the requirement to load and maintain a wallet balance like an e-wallet. Further, the UPI payment system has also been widely accepted by merchants and various other platforms, making it a versatile payment option for users.

  9. What are the disadvantages of digital e-wallet?

    The major disadvantage of e-wallets is that they are more often to get expose as security and fraud, technical glitches, limited acceptance, and various other hidden fees.

  10. Which is the safest payment app in India?

    Some of the safest payment apps in India are Google Pay, Phonepe, Bhim App, etc. This app makes the user's payments online easier and faster, making it user-friendly for customers.

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