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Clarify on Reporting of Share Capital Transaction in Form 3CEB

Narendra Kumar

| Updated: Feb 14, 2018 | Category: Authorized Share Capital

Share Capital

Submission of Form 3CEB is under section 92E of Income Tax Act, 1961 read with Rule 10E and it can be filed electronically under the proviso to Rule 12(2).

Section 92E read as “Every person who has entered into an international transaction or specified domestic transaction during a previous year shall obtain a report from a Chartered accountant and furnish such report on or before the specified date in the prescribed form duly signed and verified in the prescribed manner by such accountant and setting forth such particulars as may be prescribed”

Rule 10E read as “The report from an accountant required to be furnished under section 92E by every person who has entered into an international transaction $[or a specified domestic transaction] during a previous year shall be in Form No. 3CEB and be verified in the manner indicated therein.

$ Inserted by the IT (Sixth Amendment.) Rules, 2013 i.e. 01-04-2013

 Definition as Per Income Tax Act, 1961

  1. Person [Section 2(31)]: includes an Individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), Company, Firm, Association of Person (AOP)/Body of Individuals (BOI) whether incorporated or not, Local Authority and Every Artificial Juridical Person, not falling within any of the above.
  2. Associated Enterprises [Section 92A]: means an enterprise which participates directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries in the management or control or capital of the other enterprises OR in respect of which one or more persons who participate, directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries in its management or control or capital are the same persons who participate directly or indirectly or through one or more intermediaries, in the management or control or capital of another enterprise.
  3. Transaction: It refers to purchase or sale of marketable securities as well as issue and buy back equity shares, preference shares, and
  4. International Transaction [Section 92B]: means transaction between two or more associated enterprises, either or both of whom are non-residents, in the nature of purchase, sale or lease of tangible or intangible property, or provision of services, or lending or borrowing money, or any other transaction having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such enterprises, and shall include a mutual agreement or arrangement between two or more associated enterprises for the allocation or apportionment of , or any contribution to, any cost or expenses incurred or to be incurred in connection with a benefit, service or facility provided or to be provided to any one or more of such enterprises.

Definition as per Companies Act, 2013

First, we need to understand the term “Capital” and it can be derived from the Companies Act, 2013[1] after all the “form”, we are discussing here is given under Income Tax Act, 1961 but developed and required in prospects of person defined under Income Tax Act, 1961 which includes Company as well.

  1. Securities [Section 2 (81): means the securities as defined in clause (h) of Section 2 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.

*For reference Section 2(h) of SCRA, 1956 read as, “shares, scrips, stocks, bond, debentures stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate; derivative; units or any other instrument issued by any collective investment scheme to the investors in such schemes; security receipt as defined in clause (ze) of Section 2 of the Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002[in short SARFAESI]; units or any other such instrument issued to the investors under any mutual fund scheme; Government Securities; such other instrument as may be declared by the Central Government to be securities; and right or interest in securities.”

Section 2(ze) of SRFAESI Act, 2002 read as Security Receipt means a receipt or other security, issued by a secularization company or reconstruction company to any qualified institutional buyer pursuant to a scheme, evidencing the purchase or acquisition by the holder thereof, of an undivided right, title or interest in the financial asset involved in secularization.

  1. Debenture [Section 2 (30): includes debenture stock, bonds or any other instrument of a company evidencing a debt, whether constituting a charge on the assets of the company or not provided instruments referred to in Chapter III-D of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and Such other instrument as may be prescribed by Central Government in consultation with Reserve Bank of India, issued by company shall not be treated as Debenture.

Form 3CEB

It is formed under which particulars in respect of international transaction of purchase or sale of marketable securities, issues, and buyback of equity shares, optionally convertible/partially convertible/compulsorily convertible debentures and preference shares to be reported in Clause 16 of above-stated form i.e. FORM 3CEB. The form is designed under Questionnaire format where has the assessee entered into an international transaction(s) in respect of purchase or sale of marketable securities or issue of equity shares including transaction specified in explanation (i) (c) under section 92B(2) is asked, if answer is affirmative then assessed is required to provide details of:-

  1. Name and address of the associated enterprise with whom the international transaction has been entered into.
  2. Nature of Transaction
  3. Currency in which the transaction was undertaken
  4. Consideration charged/paid in respect of the transaction
  5. The method used for determining the arm’s length price as given u/s 92C (1) of Income Tax Act, 1961.

If the answer to the above-given question is Negative or No, then no need to fill the Clause 16 of Form 3CEB.

Further, in and above irrespective of the capital transaction the transaction stated in Section 92B (2) explanation (I) (c) need to reporting. Section 92B (2) (i) (c) read as “capital financing, including any type of long-term or short-term borrowing, lending or guarantee, purchase or sale of marketable securities or any type of advance, payments or deferred payment or receivable or any other debt arising during the course of business”

Summarizing related laws and terms for International transfer pricing

Any person (defined as per Income Tax) having international transaction (define as per Income Tax) in respect of Share Capital Transaction (define as per Companies Act and other allied laws) required to report in Clause 16 of Form 3CEB prescribed under Income-tax Act, 1961 read with rules.

Concluding the reporting structure of Share Capital transaction, all concern is required to report purchase or sale of marketable securities, issue, and buyback of equity shares, Debenture & Preference Share Capital irrespective of its conversion status.

Laws is somewhere contradictory in the case of Debenture where definition of Debenture read with Chapter III-D of Reserve Bank Act, 1934 (given in Section 2(30) of companies act, 2013) exclude the Derivative transaction whereas the same was included in definition of Securities (given in companies act derived from Section 2(h) of SCRA 1956). Hence it can be concluded to justify the proper reporting structure assigned by Act; the concerned is required to report all kinds of the Share Capital transaction in respect of the international transaction in clause 16 of Form 3CEB under given parameters of Form.

Under this clause Section 92B (2) transaction specially given in explanation (I) (c) need to report which is more or less capital financing, include all types of long term or short term borrowing, lending or guarantee, purchase or sale of marketable securities (includes all transaction as definition is inclusive given in Section 2 (h) of SCRA, 1956), or any type of advance, payments or Reporting  deferred payment or receivable or any other debt arising during the course of business.

As initially clause 16 of Form 3CEB is a concern in respect of international transaction of purchase or sale of marketable securities, issue, and buyback of equity shares, preference, and debenture irrespective of conversion status, is a pure Capital transaction. However on 2nd Para of Clause 16 of Form 3CEB added an explanation (i) (c) of Section 92B (2) of Income Tax Act, 1961. Hence all transaction related to Capital, need to report under Form 3CEB irrespective of form and nature of the transaction.

Conclusion

The Form 3CEB on which Section 92 Transfer Pricing related transaction is reported to Department of Central Board of Direct Tax by 30th November of following year on which Financial Year end. More or less strictly speaking in reporting of Authorized Share Capital Transaction of any person specified Income-tax Act, prescribes all types of shares, bond, debenture and capital financing explanation (i) (c) of Section 92B (2) of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Read our article:Increase in Authorized Share Capital

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Narendra Kumar

Experienced Finance and Legal Professional with 12+ Years of Experience in Legal, Finance, Fintech, Blockchain, and Revenue Management.

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