Internal Audit is an Independent function carried out by the Internal auditor which involves th...
A fraud risk assessment is used by management to identify and understand risks in its business. It also checks and controls the weaknesses that can cause a fraud risk to the organization. Fraud Risk Assessment reviews all the internal and external fraud risks in the process. The assessment can be performed using formats such as matrix and narrative or any other form that best suits the organization. It is essential to establish controls and procedures to develop a plan, once the risk is identified. The management and managers perform fraud assessment work.
Every business or organization, at some point at the time, faces the risk of fraud within them. Fraud vulnerability is classified in the following categories:
A complete fraud assessment is done by division or function. The departments to be included in the assessment are Finance and Accounting, Human Resources Management (payroll), Purchasing and Contracting, and Information Technology. The agencies need to have control of Information Technology to prevent risks. The assessment should be executed and updated periodically due to changes in:
Fraudulent disbursements, cyber fraud theft, manipulation of liabilities, false employee qualifications or certification, inappropriate journal entries are some of the examples types of fraud risks.
Checking on internal and preventive controls available in the organization
We need to check the probability of its occurrence.
The risk of losing the fraud will cause to the business is to be determined. Will it be identical or catastrophic?
The prevention methods should be established for precautionary purposes.
Fraud Risk Assessment needs to be conducted for the following reasons:
To ensure execution of Fraud Risk Assessment following method is to be used:
Fraud Risk can be analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively using the appropriate framework:
A specified approach should be used by the team to protect from losing valuable information or obtaining unreliable or meaningless results.
The Risk assessment team identifies the organization’s fraud risk. After identifying the information should be shared with the board or committee and in the absence of this to the senior managers of the agency.
Organizations have to look into weak internal controls and a lack of segregation of duties to check the motives of employees. Opportunities to commit fraud to exist in all organizations.
It is significant to take into account the potential for management override of controls established to prevent or detect fraud.
Fraud Risk Assessment requires a clear understanding of the process. Any scheme that is relevant to the agency is considered.
Misappropriation of assets is done by:
It can also be said as theft of assets.
Information Technology is an important component of any risk assessment. Information Technology includes threats to data integrity, threats from hackers to system security, and theft from financial and sensitive information.
Regulatory and legal Misconduct includes a broad range of risks, such as conflicts of interest, contract terms, and state and federal regulations. Some of the risks are considered as high risks to the business looking at its nature.
There are two ways to perform the assessment:
The members check the vulnerabilities of their practices against identified fraud risks. They can do this by using IT tools ranging from Excel to online Web surveys.
Advantages: This is a low-cost, time-effective, user-friendly way of collecting participants’ assessments.
Disadvantages: It isn’t effortless to draw a conclusion that can be applied generally because the self- assessment is based on an individual’s interpretation.
The selected members in a group, with diverse expertise and points of view, can give a more objective and detailed assessment.
Advantages: The workshopping procedure can yield participants’ agreement on a joint evaluation of the fraud risks and quality results.
Disadvantages: It can be challenging to coordinate the meeting mainly if the enterprise operates in different geographical, political, and legal environments. It needs to be led by a skilled individual with a good understanding of the business. Plus, it’s more challenging to report and analyze.
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The guiding principles provide a basic framework and direction for the performance of a fraud risk assessment. To assure receiving continued benefits, fraud risk assessments should be performed by management regularly. The business and the market are continuously emerging, and as a result, the organization’s fraud risk assessment needs to keep momentum with these changes to deliver continued benefits. Fraud Risk assessment is tool to prevent committing of frauds in the organization.
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