Recovery of Shares

How Dematerialisation is Transforming the Indian Stock Market?

In 2024, two-thirds of the global population is connected through the Internet. In India, the National Stock Exchange reported more than 5.4 crore active investors in 2024. The increasing ease of internet access has accelerated digitalization across many industries, including the stock market, so investors find it easy to enter the stock market through opening demat accounts.

Digitalization access has significantly boosted the digital platform for the stock markets due to the increased use of technology, which made investors invest or perform trading by opening a Demat account with a quick process that can be completed in minutes; investors can upload documents, buy and sell shares online effortlessly, manage their portfolio, and seek expert advice all from any corner of the country. However, the primary goal of the dematerialisation of shares in the stock market is to smoothen the transfer of shares and enhance efficiency, transparency, and accessibility to empower investors with innovative tools and opportunities.

What do you mean by Dematerialisation in the Indian Stock Market?

Dematerialisation is the process that involves the conversion of physical shares and securities into an electronic format. Its primary objective is to streamline the process of buying, selling, transferring and holding shares while ensuring cost-effectiveness and security. The process is facilitated by the two registered depositors with the SEBI, that is NSDL and CDSL. These depositories serve as repositories or electronic records of securities, enabling seamless transactions in the Indian Stock Market by playing a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and security of investors’ holdings while facilitating efficient trading and settlement processes.

Glimpse of a Demat Account to Transform the Stock Market

In 1996, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) transformed the Indian Stock market by introducing the Demat Account and National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) & Central Depository Securities Limited (CDSL), which act as the custodian of maintaining records of the electronic securities and facilitating transactions seamlessly. This innovation aimed to eliminate the complex process of physical trading, where investors had to be present at stock exchanges to buy and sell securities. With a Demat account, SEBI enabled online trading, allowing investors to digitally buy, sell, and hold their investments.

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Before delving into the dematerialisation process, it’s essential to understand the concept of a demat account. A demat account allows traders to hold, transfer, and transact securities without the hassles of dealing with physical certificates, which has made trading safer, quicker, and much more efficient.

What is the Impact of Dematerialisation on the Stock Market?

Dematerialisation of shares is the process of converting physical share certificates into electronic form, which has a profound impact on stock markets worldwide. Dematerialisation is transforming the Indian Stock Market significantly, and it has driven various changes and improvements in market dynamics. Below is a detailed explanation of the impact of dematerialisation on the stock market:

1. Reduction in Paperwork

Dematerialisation eliminates the need for physical certificates, which reduces paperwork and administrative tasks related to handling, storing and transferring physical shares which leads to quicker processing of transactions.

2. Faster Settlement

The electronic transfer of shares faster the settlement cycle. In India, the settlement period has been reduced from T+3 to T+1 (one day after the transactions) to enhance liquidity and allow investors to reinvest their funds more quickly in the stock market.

3. Eliminates Risk to Receive Corporate Benefits

The electronic system eliminates the risk of fraud or forged certificates which the investors need to face a lot with physical shares. A demat account simplifies the process of receiving various corporate benefits such as dividends, interest, and refunds which will be directly credited to the demat account.

4. Proper Auditing

Each transaction in a Demat account is recorded, providing clear auditing, this transparency helps in reducing fraudulent activities and enhances investors’ confidence.

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5. Easy Demat Account Opening

Opening a demat account is a straightforward process that can be completed online effortlessly. This ease of access encourages more individuals to invest in the stock markets. Also, by linking a demat account, the investors can enjoy the easy and fast transfer of funds.

6. Online Trading & Availing Loan Facility

Investors can buy and sell shares online from anywhere at any time, this convenience has given access to the stock market, attracting a larger and more diverse pool of investors. With a Demat account, the investors can also avail loans against their dematerialisation holdings.

7. Portfolio Management & Easy Traceable

Investors can easily monitor their portfolios, track their investments, and access various market tools and resources through their demat accounts. The Demat account also allows the investor to monitor their portfolio from anywhere and enhance the chance of making more profits by increasing participation and interest.

8. Reduction in Cost

The elimination of physical certificates reduces costs related to handling and storing the paper shares. Also, brokerage fees have become more competitive with increased competition among brokers offering online training platforms.

9. Improved Dynamics of the Market

The ease of trading and lower entry barriers have attracted more retail investors to the stock market. This increased participation enhances market liquidity and increases the activity of IPOs and other capital-raising activities.

10. Impact of Technology

Trading through online platforms has made it easier for investors to trade and manage their investments. Also, the demat accounts will also be linked with various financial services such as banking and mutual funds, providing a seamless investment experience.

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Dematerialisation is transforming the Indian stock market by reducing costs and barriers to entry, it has broadened market participation and enhanced investors’ confidence, The continuous evolution of technology further complements these benefits, ensuring that dematerialisation remains a system of modern financial markets. This transformation not only empowers individual investors but also contributes to the overall stability and growth of the stock market.


  1. How much time will it take to share dematerialisation?

    It will take two to three weeks to complete the process of share dematerialisation.

  2. How do you convert shares into a demat account?

    The physical shares holder must submit the certificate of shares, Dematerialisation request form and KYC documents to the DP or brokers.

  3. Is it mandatory to convert physical shares into an electronic form?

    MCA, Rule 9B made it mandatory, especially for private companies, to convert their shares into demat accounts.

  4. Which shares or securities can be dematerialized?

    Only securities held in the certificate form and admitted with NSDL and CDSL can be dematerialized.

  5. What is the last date in 2024 for dematerialized shares?

    The last date for private companies other than small companies is 30th September 2024 to dematerialize their shares.

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