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Expanding Business in India – A Complete Analysis

Expanding Business in India

Many foreign companies are eyeing opportunities in India post the liberalization of the market entry policies in India. India witnessed an increase in its GDP even at the time of the Covid-19 crisis proving it to be one of the most resilient countries in the World. For entry into the Indian market, it becomes essential to identify the ideal target market to formulate the right entry strategy with the right partners who have an in-depth understanding of the local market. Scroll down to check more about expanding business in India.

Some Important Points for Expanding Business in India

The following are the points essential to ponder upon to ensure a successful entry into India:

  1. Understand the Indian Market Place
    India is predicted to become one of the largest economies in the World. The Indian market is huge and diverse but still, an international business needs to understand and narrow down the right opportunity suitable to their business. It is also essential to make an accurate investment decision but it might also pose a difficult task in India due to the complicated market structure, large population and unreliable data. It is also important for the international business to work alongside an Indian partner to build an information base about the market size, industry dynamics and future growth plans of the market.
  2. Choose a Right Partner
    Businesses having less exposure in the International market trying to enter India with a pre-determined mindset find the Indian market way too intimidating. Therefore, choosing the right local partner who helps in navigating through the multifaceted market environment becomes crucial. A local partner has knowledge and expertise about the market and can provide valuable market insights such as existing competition, complex rules, regulations, etc. The reason for fallout in different business priorities and divided short-term and long-term goals are the result of not choosing the right partner. Thus, the business needs to choose mindfully their local partner.
  3. Ensure that products and their prices meet the Local Preferences
    India is a vast, multilingual, and pluralistic society which makes it unfeasible to apply the ‘one solution fits all’ approach. The needs of B2B and B2C customers are distinct and vary from region to region. Hence, it becomes important for international businesses approaching to expand and establish in India to study and attain deep insight into the target market and then design custom models that will best suit the target audience[1]. It is also important for international businesses to understand that price sensitivity plays an important role in the success and failure of a product in India. Despite the growth in the economy, India is still considered to be a low-to-middle-income country with majority of its population still near the poverty line. The disposable income left after paying for the basic amenities is meager leaving less room for the middle class to spend extravagantly. Thus, it is important to set the price of the product appropriately.
  4. Choose the right market entry strategy
    Based on the nature of the business, its objectives, and goals, the following is the list of strategies out of which one can be opted for expanding business in India:
    • Mergers & Acquisitions and Joint Ventures
      Mergers & Acquisitions are booming in the Indian market. Tax reforms, digital strategies and technological tools for mergers and acquisitions are the factors driving its growth. Looking from a financial, operational, and logistical perspective, joint ventures and strategic alliances are better,
    • Greenfield Set-up
      Greenfield set-up means the creation of a new operation by a foreign company for establishing or expanding business in India. A greenfield set-up does not have constraints imposed by any previous work. Organizations across the world are opting to set up Greenfield facilities in India to manufacture goods at cost-effective rates and to overcome the constraints faced in other types of infrastructures.
    • Vendor Selection
      For successful vendor selection, a business has to work constantly with the suppliers and service providers and draft agreements for the benefit of both companies. A successful vendor selection is a win-win for both companies.
    • Piggybacking
      Piggybacking is a low-cost market entry strategy. In Piggybacking, one company represents another company’s complimentary and non-competitive products in the market. So a foreign company’s products are represented by an Indian company in India.
    • Turnkey projects
      A turnkey project is a method where a company works with a project owner under a contract to complete all stages of the project. Businesses working in complex production technologies use this technique. This entry strategy is used when the FDI is limited by government regulations and is less risky than traditional FDI. It is a great way to earn an economic return from the asset.
  5. Choose the Right Size for the Indian market opportunity
    Expanding business in India allows a business to materialize the benefit of vast size and huge growth prospects but the international business must narrow down to its real opportunity in the market to make the right investment decision in India. Due to the complex market structure, a high share of unorganized players, lack of reliable data, and several rules and regulations, obtaining an accurate picture can be difficult. Thus, it is essential to build a strong base for the target market including the market size, industry dynamics, future growth plan, etc. This will in turn help the business to choose the right size of business for the Indian market.
  6. Unique and Vast Legal Landscape
    The Indian Legal System is vast with many intricacies that become confusing to understand. This is another reason why it is important to have a good local partner. A good local partner has the expertise and connection to understand the law and provide proper professional guidance for drawing up the paperwork and entering into any formal agreement. Further, the size of the population cannot be overseen as it affects the court proceedings due to the huge backlog of cases. This makes an alternate dispute resolution mechanism a better option but to exercise the option of dispute resolution, the agreement must have an express clause regarding it. Apart from the legal framework of the country, strong international bilateral ties are also important as it enhances the import of goods and services.
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The Indian economy is growing which is attracting foreign investment to India. However, establishing or expanding a business in India is not easy for a foreign business without proper research and groundwork on market understanding. Extensive market research is necessary to understand consumer preferences. It helps frame a strategy and select the most appropriate method for a foreign company for setting up or expanding business in India. Establishing or expanding business in India can be done by starting its operations by making 100% FDI to set-up its own company or collaborate and joint venture with an Indian partner to sell its products. Whichever may be the entry strategy, market research helps a foreign company to enter the Indian market using strategic methods. The strategic methodologies involve market analysis, investment planning, and choosing the right Indian partner for sales, marketing, distribution, or expansion of business. For establishing or expanding business in India, strong market research and strategy are necessary to draw a road map for the foreign company.

Also Read: International Business Opportunities in India

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