Accounting and Auditing

Get professional assistance and guidance from Enterslice on accounting and auditing matters in New Zealand. Package inclusions: Advice on types of Audits Internal Audit Bookkeeping and ledger services Financial Statement preparation Audit services

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Overview of Accounting and Auditing in New Zealand

Accounting and auditing standards in New Zealand are essential for maintaining the dependability, accuracy, and transparency of financial reporting. The nation adheres to the New Zealand Auditing and Assurance Standards (NZAAS) for auditing procedures and the New Zealand Financial Reporting Standards (NZFRS) for accounting procedures. These guidelines offer structure organizations must follow when creating financial statements and submitting them for independent audits. Investor confidence, financial statement comparability, and financial reporting transparency are all improved by adherence to these standards.

External Reporting Board

The External Reporting Board (XRB) is a separate Crown Entity managed by the Crown Entities Act of 2004 and operates under the Financial Reporting Act of 2013. The XRB serves as a regulatory authority with the following major duties:

  • Financial Reporting: The XRB creates a thorough financial reporting plan that explains the goals and direction of financial reporting in New Zealand.
  • Accounting Standards: The XRB is responsible for creating and disseminating authoritative notices and accounting standards. These standards guarantee uniformity and openness in reporting across multiple entities and offer recommendations on best practices for financial reporting.
  • Auditing and Assurance Standards: The XRB creates and publishes auditing and assurance standards, including those for associated services and professional and ethical standards. These standards govern the execution and quality of audits and assurance engagements.
  • Collaboration and Liaison at the International and National Levels: The XRB works with comparable organizations both internationally and nationally. 

The XRB's function as an independent regulatory agency aids in maintaining the accuracy and reliability of New Zealand's financial reporting, fostering investor trust and effective capital markets.

Financial Statement Reporting 

The Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP NZ) are requirements for financial statements for businesses operating in New Zealand. The following elements are frequently included in these financial statements:

  • Statement of Financial Performance: Statement of Financial Performance, often known as a profit and loss statement, gives an overview of the company's income, costs, gains, and losses for a given time period, as well as the resulting net profit or loss.


  • Statement of Changes in Equity: This statement depicts how the company's equity (share capital, retained earnings, etc.) has changed during a specific time period, taking into account the effects of net income or loss, dividends, and other equity transactions.
  • Balance Sheet: This statement, also known as a statement of financial position, gives an overview of the company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a certain point in time. It displays the assets, liabilities, and net worth of the business.
  • Statement of Cash Flows: During a given time period, this statement lists the cash inflows and outflows from operating, investing, and financing operations. It demonstrates how money is made and used inside the business.
  • Accounting Policy: Businesses include a section outlining their accounting policies, which specify the particular techniques and tenets applied to the creation of financial statements.
  • Report of the Independent Auditor: The independent auditor reviews the financial accounts of the company and provides an opinion on whether or not they accurately and fairly depict the company's financial status and performance. Usually, the auditor's report is dated and signed.

The following requirements must be fulfilled in order for a corporation to not be required to prepare financial statements:

  • The company is not part of a group of companies.
  • The company's income during the reporting year is less than 30,000 NZD.
  • The company's expenses during the reporting year are less than 30,000 NZD.

Depending on the classification of the reporting business, financial statements must be prepared within a certain deadline. The statements must be prepared by FMC reporting organizations within four months of the end of the reporting period. The deadline is extended for large businesses to five months following the conclusion of the reporting period. The company's tax return must also be filed by or on the seventh day of the fourth month following the end of the reporting period. The tax return should be submitted between 31 March and 7 July for a regular reporting period.


Auditing Standards in New Zealand

The New Zealand Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (NZAUASB), a unit of the XRB, develops auditing standards in New Zealand. The NZAUASB's main goal is to create and publish top-notch auditing and assurance standards that raise the accuracy and legitimacy of audit reports. The independence, objectivity, professional skepticism, and application of professional judgment by auditors are stressed by the auditing standards. They mandate that auditors gather adequate and pertinent audit evidence to support their conclusions, gauge the likelihood of significant misstatement, and assess the efficiency of internal controls.

Importance of Auditing Services in New Zealand

  • Ensuring adherence to legal and regulatory obligations.
  • Identifying and preventing fraud within the business.
  • Recognizing and reducing monetary risks.
  • Improving the accountability and openness of financial reporting.
  • Assessing how well internal controls and risk management procedures are working.
  • Giving investors and stakeholder’s assurance regarding the truthfulness of the financial figures.
  • Evaluating the overall performance and financial health of the business.
  • Giving trustworthy financial information to enable better decision-making.
  • Enhancing the company's credibility and reputation.
  • Encouraging moral conduct within the organization and excellent corporate governance practices

Services offered by Enterslice

  • Interacting with audit clients, responding to auditing questions, transferring data to electronic files, creating lead schedules, checking financial statements for compliance, and reporting problems to the audit team for future modifications are all part of the audit support services.
  • Enterslice looks into instances of improper account or operational activity, such as fraud, waste, or fund abuse. Additionally, they provide advice and consulting services, examining business strategies and tactics and giving recommendations on protocols, rules, and management requirements.
  • In addition to performing statutory audits, Enterslice also performs a variety of special audits, including compliance, financial, investigative, operational, and information security audits.
  • Preparing financial statements in relation with generally accepted accounting principles in New Zealand or international financial reporting standards (IFRS) is an expertise of Enterslice's accounting professionals. Examining financial information, completing account reconciliation, and producing financial statements, including balance sheets and income statements, are all part of this process.
  • Enterslice provides bookkeeping services to preserve accurate financial records and guarantee adherence to relevant accounting standards. They have employees who maintain the ledger, reconcile accounts, record transactions, and follow accounting rules.
  • Certified auditors at Enterslice offer thorough audits to judge the veracity and correctness of financial accounts. Utilizing a risk-based methodology and according to Israeli auditing standards, they identify issue areas and make suggestions for enhancing internal controls and risk management practices.
  • At Enterslice, seasoned financial advisors provide strategic recommendations to improve both financial performance and sustainable growth. To increase profitability, control cash flow, and lower financial risks, they examine financial data, assess market trends, and develop specialized plans.
  • Internal and external audits are carried out by Enterslice to assess the effectiveness of internal controls, financial systems, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. These audits offer objective analyses, pinpoint problems and possible fixes, and identify ways to boost operational efficiency and lower financial risks.
  • To guarantee the quality and completeness of a company's financial data, Enterslice offers thorough financial statement audit services. They verify legal compliance, check financial statements for faults or inconsistencies, and provide useful information for making decisions.

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Yes, New Zealand follows IFRS

Controller and Auditor-General of New Zealand, who is a part of the parliament, audits and regulates the audits of New Zealand

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