Company Registration in Spain

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Company Registration in Spain

Spain is one of the most robust economies in the entire EU region; it has a strong inward investment sector, a booming manufacturing sector and quite a liberal business environment. All these factors make Spain an ideal region for setting up new companies. If you dream of doing business in Spain, Enterslice has the right consultants to guide you in starting your own company there. We have helped many residents and non-residents establish businesses of their choice in Spain; we understand the intricacies of Spanish company incorporation rules and can aid you in obtaining licenses and fulfilling tax obligations and Paper works necessary for company incorporation. Whether you are starting a new business, expanding your existing business in other provinces or acquiring any existing business, With the help of our team of experts, you can make the right decisions for your company’s incorporation. Launch your new business confidently with Enterslice company incorporation consultancy and advisory services.

Why Spain is an ideal region for launching your company

Amongst the entire European region, Spain is considered a region with extensive economic power; it has a GDP of $1.3 trillion with around 46 million residents, making it the fourth largest economy in the eurozone. It is considered a stable, solvent and credible nation with an attractive setting for companies interested in conducting business globally. Enterslice works closely with the Spanish corporate structure, and our consultants understand the intricacies of Spain’s company incorporation rules. With our help, you could be an incorporated company in Spain. You could take advantage of doing business in the markets of EMEA and the other 21 nations with which Spain has a bilateral agreement to avoid double taxation. Be part of Spain’s rich infrastructure with the help of Enterslice and grow your business in the Spanish region with vigour and efficiency.

What you could expect from Enterslice’s company incorporation services

Customised incorporation

You choose your business category, and we will customise our services to your structure to ensure hassle-free company incorporation.

Expert advice and consultancy

Incorporation of a company Without appropriate advice and consultancy is a significant risk for a company. We can keep your company secured by time-to-time expert advice for incorporation.

Support and assistance

At Enterslice, our belief is to build long-term relations with our clients. Our journey with you is not limited to company incorporation but assists and supports you whenever you face difficulty with your business operations.

Panoramic view of Enterslice’s Spain company Formation services

Advisory

Right from choosing a suitable business type to capital requirements and the need for a license, with the help of our advisory experts, you can plan your business goals and activities effectively.

Necessary paper Assistance

Company incorporation includes formulating Documents such as KYC Documents, proof of address and passports of directors and shareholders, certificate of incorporation, memorandum and articles of association, etc. Enterslice has a separate team of Paper works experts who will walk you through the Paper works process.

Planning & strategy

Depending on your business goals and activities, you will need Enterslice to plan and strategise these goals as per the local regulations.

Compliance

Incorporation without compliance is impossible, so we have a separate team of legal experts who will assist you in understanding and complying with the laws and bylaws necessary for company incorporation in Spain.

Types of business structure in SPAIN

Sole proprietorship “autonomo”

A sole proprietorship is one of the most straightforward business structures in the Spanish region, and individuals interested in incorporating their company by their name can use this structure. Around 3 million sole-proprietorship companies are operating in the Spanish area. In a sole proprietorship, the sole proprietor is responsible for all aspects of the business. The benefit of incorporating your company as a sole proprietor is that the costs of establishing it are minimal, along with minimum legal formalities.

Partnership

In Spain, two members can jointly share the ownership of a company and convert it into a partnership firm. One must register a partnership firm with the Spanish tax authorities, and the partners jointly share their responsibilities and resources.

Limited liability company

LLC is a popular business type in Spain. It pertains to perks similar to a partnership but with the benefit of limited liability. In Spain, small and medium-sized businesses usually incorporate an LLC because it doesn’t have the complexities traditionally associated with larger corporation.

Public limited company

The shares of a public limited company are traded publicly in the stock market. Often, larger business entities prefer to be a publicly limited company. a PLC can issue shares to the public in massive amounts.

Cooperative

A cooperative company is managed and run by the people who are already working for the company. A cooperative's objective is to enhance its members' economic and social well-being. Members pool their resources and expertise in a cooperative to achieve common goals.

Limited partnership (Sociedad Comanditaria)

This type comprises two partners, i.e. a general partner and a limited partner; the general partner is responsible for the debts and obligations of the company, and the limited partner is responsible for providing capital to the company.

Limited partnership with shares (Sociedad Comanditaria por Acciones)

This structure amalgamates a limited partnership and a public limited company. The company must include S.C.A. attached to its name. It should have a tax identification number and must be registered with the Spanish tax authorities.in this, the general partners manage the company, whereas the limited partners hold shares but don’t have a say in the company’s management.

Economic interest grouping (Agrupación de Interés Económico or AIE)

In Spain, it is allowed for two or more companies to collaborate on a joint project or business activity, which results in the pooling of resources, minds and expertise, ultimately resulting in the achievement of common goals. It allows member companies to share the risks and costs associated with the project, giving them the freedom to maintain their legal and fiscal identity.

European company (Societas Europaea)

This business structure is only available for Spanish companies and companies within the European Union member states. It provides a common legal framework for all EU companies to facilitate cross-border operations.

Branch office

It is a structure beneficial for a foreign company that can conduct its business in Spain without incorporating a new legal entity through a branch office. It is considered an extension of its parent company, and it is the parent company's liability for its branch office.

Benefits of incorporating a company in Spain

Recognition as a 100 % Spanish company

In Spain, it doesn’t matter which country you reside in or in which country you are a tax resident; in Spain, the moment you get your company registered with the company registration head office from that moment your company becomes a 100% Spanish company. You can even reside in a different country and conduct business in Spain.

No requirement of a tax representative

Because of the 100% Spanish company criteria, a company doesn’t need a tax representative in Spain. There is no need for a Spaniard who could be responsible for managing tax debts.

Free access to the Spanish market & EU market

Spain has a per capita GDP of USD 28156.82 and a population of 46.57 million, making it a dynamic and growing market. It is straightforward to do business in Spain, and a foreign company is never discriminated against and attains equal opportunities to doing and conducting business. A company has access to the EU market due to the presence of Spain in the European Union.

Procedure for Company Registration in Spain

Any company interested in incorporating itself in Spain must first obtain an NIE, i.e. the primary identification number, which a foreign company needs to conduct legal procedures attached to company incorporation. All the partners and directors must possess this NIE number. Residents don’t need an NIE number but must hold a valid residence permit. The place for making an application could be any police station in Spain and, for foreign companies, the Spanish consulate. Next to this is requesting a company name from the commercial registry of companies, where a company needs to propose five potential names. Then, a company needs to open a business bank account with a capital of at least 3.000€. Specify to the notary the list of directors, names of all shareholders, the official address of the company, activities which a business will conduct, bylaws of the company and bank account statement mentioning that it contains 3.000€.submit the company’s constitution deed to the commercial registry of Spain this process could take approximately two weeks, and meanwhile a company gets a temporary CIF. A company can use this CIF while registering with the tax agency. To hire employees, the company needs a social security number. After completion of all these steps, a company is ready.

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Reasons to choose Enterslice service for company incorporation in Spain

Planning your company

Creating and planning your company well is a significant step for company incorporation. At Enterslice, we have a team of expert consultants with expertise in accessing correct information; we have the right sets of reliable skills and expertise to assist you in setting achievable company goals. We will help you register your company with careful planning and streamlined evaluation.

Necessary paperation and company structure assistance

We will assist you with the Paper works process necessary for Spain company incorporation; we will furnish a suitable name for your company along with its availability check in the Spain region. Our experts will assist you in drawing up a memorandum of association and articles of association along with support for bank account opening, beneficiary, owner, directors and shareholders and other utilities-related support.

Company incorporation assistance

After registering your company, you will need to incorporate your company in the Spanish region, for which you will need to acquire variable certificates from different authorities; this is where our part comes into play. Upon completion of registration by the Spain authorities, we will then provide you with a certificate of incorporation, certificate of directors and secretary, certificate of shareholders, certificate of registered office, trust deeds, certified memorandum and articles of association, letter of appointment of the first directors, letter of appointment of secretary, minutes of the first meeting, entire set of corporate registers and share certificate.

Bank account opening & taxation assistance

For company incorporation, you must open a bank account and do tax-related formalities such as registering for tax, VAT, etc., the structures of which are complex but will establish a strong foundation for your company in Spain. Our expert financial advisors will create a solid financial footing for you, ensuring your financial success in the Spanish finance marketplace. We offer comprehensive support for all your company’s additional requirements, facilitating a seamless transition into the entire operation.

Ongoing consultation and other services support

Our relationship with you doesn’t end upon company incorporation; even post-incorporation, we will give you ongoing consulting services so that you keep on gaining the expertise necessary to stay ahead in the Spanish market, mainly for the smooth functioning of your business. Your firm will have our dedicated associate who will improve your business approach, helping you take your organisation to the next level.

Necessary papers required for company incorporation in Spain

Necessary papers required while incorporating a business in Spain include the incorporation deed and the bylaws made at the time of company incorporation. Articles and memorandum of association of the company. Details of the directors and shareholders and systematically made organisational structure of the company.

Challenges Faced by Companies During Company Incorporation in Spain

Complex business structures

There are, in total, eight business structures that a company could be formed in Spain. Within this, a few combined forms are hard to understand and take hold of; these legal forms have different liabilities, governance structures, and administrative formalities.

Additional associated costs

Although incorporating a company barely needs opening a bank account, having €3,000 for an SL and €60,000 for an SA in their accounts, there are certain additional costs that, at times, companies working without a consultant don’t know about. These taxes vary from region to region depending upon variable local areas. It is advised to incorporate a company in consultation with a tax advisor or a consultant who has a wholesome understanding of company incorporation in a region.

Complicated procedure

for residents, company incorporation in Spain is not a hassle. Still, for a foreign entity that wishes to incorporate a business in Spain, it is slightly complicated, especially if moving ahead without the help of a consultant. Certain lengthy formalities are to be fulfilled for which many service providers, such as notaries, court for apostilles, sworn translators, banks, commercial registry, etc., are to be contacted in Spain and abroad.

Tax structure for company incorporation in Spain

Corporate tax (Impuesto de Sociedades)

This tax is equivalent to an IRPF, a personal income tax paid by individuals in Spain. A corporate tax is needed to be paid both directly as well as indirectly.

Direct taxes

A flat rate of 25% corporate taxes applies to corporations in Spain. In the initial two final years post-incorporation, 15% is the tax rate after a company does a particular business activity and achieves profit. A profit company pays 15-30% of taxes, a non-profit or cooperative pays 20% and foundations or associations are liable to pay 10%.

Indirect taxes

In Spain, VAT(IVA) is to be paid on the taxable goods and services offered by a company. The general VAT rate is 21%. 10% applies to health products and services such as hotels, and 4% to foods or books.

Eligibility conditions for foreign companies expanding their business in Spain

Minimum capital requirement

EUR3000 is the minimum capital requirement for company registration. company incorporation in Spain is inexpensive, and a foreign company is not required to furnish any minimum capital to establish a branch office.

Residence requirements

The only criteria for residence in Spain are that the key management executives of the company are legal residents of Spain, i.e. they furnish all the Documents which prove their purpose in the Spanish land, i.e. domicile in case of residents and authenticated visas in case of foreign residents.

Shareholder requirement

There must be at least one shareholder to operate a business in Spain, but this rule doesn’t apply to foreign company branch offices; they are not required to have a minimum number of shareholders.

Directors’ requirement

A limited liability company must have at least three members On its board of directors, up to twelve in a private limited company, and a minimum of three members in a public limited company. However, a branch office need not have a minimum number of directors to do its operations.

Incentives enjoyed by foreign companies in Spain

Tax relief

Expenses from the R&D incur tax credits of up to 25% and 42% in the scenario in excess expenditures during the previous two years. 17% credit could be availed on staff expenses for R&D activities. 12% tax credit for technological innovation activities.

R&D incentives

Expenses from the R&D incur tax credits of up to 25% and 42% in the scenario in excess expenditures during the previous two years. 17% credit could be availed on staff expenses for R&D activities. 12% tax credit for technological innovation activities.

Financial incentives

In Spain, to foster investment and economic growth of the nation and the companies which are part of certain financial incentives such as specific industrial sectors, incentives to invest in certain regions, for innovative small and medium-sized companies and preferred financing from the official credit institute.

Innovation incentives

There are variable innovation incentives which could be availed by the companies incorporated in Spain, such as the EUROSTARS program, ERA-NET scheme, PRIMA partnership scheme, EIB financing, INNIVIERTE Program, NEOTEC initiative, INNODEMANDA program, etc.

Potential benefits after taking Enterslice’s company incorporation services

We make it easy

We aim to assist you in quick and accurate company incorporation along with easy and hassle-free paperwork; the dilemma you feel when entering the Canadian market could be resolved with our assistance.

Personal asset protection

Incorporation creates a separate legal entity for a corporation entirely different from its shareholders and other members; along with incorporation, we also focus on shielding personal assets from creditors and any other future legal actions.

Enjoy potential tax benefits

Incorporating a company in SPAIN includes various corporate tax benefits, which sometimes are unknown to companies, and Enterslice assists you in taking advantage of these tax concessions.

Gain credibility

Incorporating your business with the help of Enterslice will make incorporation easy for you, ultimately providing added credibility and trust to your organisation from potential investors, customers and business partners.

Enterslice company incorporation services

Our experts offer easy and hassle-free Paper works assistance with checklists and updated formats occasionally. Incorporating a cross-border company involves multiple compliances, which, when not appropriately followed, cause delays in the licensing process. Our legal team will help you in systematic compliance formulation along with time-to-time compliance support per the regulation changes. We customise FinTech strategies as per your company's business model. To achieve the same, we assign a dedicated fintech expert who will provide expert guidance and support and help you make the right decisions for your company.

Helping you set up a new business

Our team will advise you on the best structure for setting up your business. We will guide you on the company’s article of association, directors, share capital and the choice of the company’s name. We will ensure that you avoid any pitfalls that could unnecessarily welcome expensive legal proceedings. We choose straightforward ways of setting up a company and handle all the intricacies.

Get legal assistance from our business lawyers

Company incorporation in Spain is a tedious process and involves many steps for setting up a company. Delicate steps and Paper works are required to be up-to-date with the incorporation process. You can contact us and get help from our business lawyers, who will solve all your doubts and manage the entire process.

Frequently Asked Questions

It would take about a week to incorporate a business in Spain. The process of company registration in Spain is relatively straightforward.

The minimum capital required for company registration in Spain is EUR 3,000.

All companies require a minimum of one shareholder. However, the necessities of the directors would depend on the company's requirements.

No, there is no requirement to appoint a resident director in Spain. Hence, the business can be managed by a foreign director.

The existing corporate tax levied in Spain is 25%.

Yes, indirect taxes such as VAT would be charged in Spain. This would be at the rate of 11%.

A foreign representative is only required for a branch office. Private limited companies and joint stock companies are not required to appoint a foreign representative.

Any company interested in incorporating itself in Spain must first obtain an NIE, i.e., the primary identification number, which a foreign company needs to conduct legal procedures attached to company incorporation. All the partners and directors must possess this NIE number. Residents don’t need an NIE number but must hold a valid residence permit. The place for making an application could be any police station in Spain and, for foreign companies, the Spanish consulate. Next to this is requesting a company name from the commercial registry of companies, where a company needs to propose five potential names. Then, a company needs to open a business bank account with a capital of at least 3.000€. Specify to the notary the list of directors, names of all shareholders, the official address of the company, activities which a business will conduct, bylaws of the company and bank account statement mentioning that it contains 3.000€.submit the company’s constitution deed to the commercial registry of Spain this process could take approximately two weeks, and meanwhile a company gets a temporary CIF. A company can use this CIF while registering with the tax agency. To hire employees, the company needs a social security number. After completion of all these steps, a company is ready. 

If your company is engaged and established to conduct business activities in Ceuta and Melilla, then a 50% tax credit advantage on CIT could be enjoyed. A 99% tax credit applies to the CIT levied on income from the supply of local public services except by a wholly or partially owned corporation or listed or unlisted individual or company. Expenses from the R&D incur tax credits of up to 25% and 42% in the scenario in excess expenditures during the previous two years. 17% credit could be availed on staff expenses for R&D activities. 12% tax credit for technological innovation activities. In Spain, to foster investment and economic growth of the nation and the companies which are part of certain financial incentives such as specific industrial sectors, incentives to invest in certain regions, for innovative small and medium-sized companies and preferred financing from the official credit institute. There are variable innovation incentives which could be availed by the companies incorporated in Spain, such as the EUROSTARS program, ERA-NET scheme, PRIMA partnership scheme, EIB financing, INNIVIERTE Program, NEOTEC initiative, INNODEMANDA program, etc.

EUR3000 is the minimum capital requirement for company registration. Company incorporation in Spain is inexpensive, and a foreign company is not required to furnish any minimum capital to establish a branch office. The only criteria for residence in Spain are that the key management executives of the company are legal residents of Spain, i.e. they furnish all the Documents which prove their purpose in the Spanish land, i.e. domicile in case of residents and authenticated visas in case of foreign residents. There must be at least one shareholder to operate a business in Spain, but this rule doesn’t apply to foreign company branch offices; they are not required to have a minimum number of shareholders. A limited liability company must have at least three members On its board of directors, up to twelve in a private limited company, and a minimum of three members in a public limited company. However, a branch office need not have a minimum number of directors to do its operations.

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