Appeal before NCLT

The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) was established by the Companies Act of 2013 in India. It handles corporate and company law issues, including bankruptcy and insolvency matters. EnterSlice offers financial, legal, and regulatory services, including representation before the NCLT. NCLT Legal Cons..

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National Company Appellate Tribunal

An authority that handles appeals resulting from NCLT decisions is the National Company Appellate Tribunal. It serves as a middle-tier appeal body for correcting NCLT errors. The Supreme Court may hear additional challenges to the Appellate Tribunal's ruling. Any party may file an appeal with the Appellate Tribunal if they are unhappy with the NCLT's ruling. The Appellate Tribunal will reconsider the tribunal's ruling and either uphold, amend, or affirm it.


In order to deal with the industrialization boom, the Indian government has created a number of regulations. On June 1st, 2016, the government established the National Company Law Tribunal. This quasi-judicial adjudicating body addresses the problems connected to company disputes of a civil nature under The Companies Act 2013. It was established in accordance with Companies Act of 2013 Section 408.

The deciding authority in cases pertaining to limited liability partnerships and firms' insolvency under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

What separates NCLT and NCLAT from each other?

The following points summarise the distinctions between the National Company Law Tribunal and the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal, as was made clear in the preceding two sections:


The 2013 Companies Act established the NCLT. TTribunalnal was established by the Central Government on June 1, 2016. In contrast, Section 410 of the Companies Act of 2013 established the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal. The Union Government founded it on June 1, 2016.


While NCLAT has appellate jurisdiction over NCLT rulings, NCLT retains primary jurisdiction over insolvency and bankruptcy issues.

Examine and Review

NCLT acknowledges and evaluates the evidence provided by lenders and/or creditors. NCLAT examines and evaluates the choices made by NCLT.


It is the NCLT's duty to gather the information and proof. NCLAT is in charge of analyzing the data and proof that have already been gathered.

Bench Marking

The National Company Law Tribunal comprises fourteen benches located across various Indian metropolises, including its central bench in New Delhi. Still, the NCLAT is limited to two benches. There are two benches: one in Chennai and the main one in New Delhi.

Why Is NCLT Constituted?

The National Company Law Tribunal was established for the following purposes in accordance with Section 408 of the Companies Act of 2013:

  • To terminate the current legal actions before the Company Law Board (CLB).
  • To oversee the issues under the High Court's purview that relate to winding up, restructuring, compromise, etc.
  • The NCLT's formation has made it easier to meet the needs of the corporate sector. It also promoted the interests of banks and other financial sector groups in addition to those of stakeholders.

Scope of the National Company Law Tribunal

The NCLT combines the authority of the High Court's winding up and restructuring powers with that of the Company Law Board, the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), and the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (AAIFR). As a result, tTribunalnal would be able to oversee every Indian company formed in accordance with the Companies Act of 2013.

Benefits of The National Company Law Tribunal

The NCLT has unique jurisdiction because it is the only court specifically designed for companies in India.

  • It will lessen the abundance of lawsuits that existed previously.
  • Its several branches streamline the case registration process.
  • There are judicial and technical members of the Tribunal. It facilitates decision-making.
  • The amount of time needed to wind up a company has been shortened by the NCLT.
  • The number of cases will drop if cases are handled quickly.

Authority of NCLT

The government transferred all of the Company Law Board's authority to the National Company Law Board through a notification dated June 1, 2016. At any point, while a case is pending before the CLB, the NCLT has the discretion to investigate it.

  • Organization of Businesses
  • Concern about the transfer of shares
  • Authority to look into the matter
  • capacity to freeze company assets
  • Corporate Debt Restructuring (CDR) Conversion of Public Limited Company to Private Limited Company
  • Refunds
  • Protecting the interests of stockholders
  • Complicating the Offence

What Needs To Know About The Process Of Filling An Appeal Before NCLT?

The MCA notified several parts of the Companies Act 2013 and established the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) and National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) through three notifications dated June 1, 2016.

In accordance with the NCLT and NCLAT Constitutions, the MCA has now issued notices regarding the NCLT and NCLAT Rules on July 21, 2016, which include the procedure and means for submitting a petition, application or appeal, among other things. According to NCLT Rules, the following criteria must be met in order to file a petition, appeal, or application before NCLT:

  • The document that is to be submitted to the NCLT must be in English, and if it is in another language, a copy of the English translation needs to be included.
  • It will be typewritten, printed on one side of a legal paper with margins of top four centimetres, and double-spaced. Left: 5 cm, right: 2.5 cm.
  • It will be properly bound into a print book with proper indexing and pagination.
  • All documents, applications, appeals, and petitions must be submitted in triplicate.
  • Each filed document will have a triplicate index with the filer's information and the fee amount paid on it.
  • A copy of the appeal, application, or petition must also be submitted to the opposing party.
  • Enclosed must be a Certified True Copy of the Resolution granting permission to sign, validate, and initiate on the company's behalf.
  • All petitions, applications, and appeals must be submitted using Form No. NCLT.1, with a Notice of Admission in Form NCLT-2 attached. The proceeding's title heading must be in Form No. NCLT.
  • An affidavit in Form No. 4 NCLT must be used to verify each petition or application.6. The Motion Notice must be submitted using Form No.3 NCLT. The opposing party must be notified using Form No. NCLT.
  • All petitions and applications must be advertised using Form No. NCLT-3A, in both English and vernacular newspapers. If published, the advertisement will also be posted on the company website, if one exists.
  • Each individual must appear in person or through an authorized representative, who will do so by filing a Memorandum of Appearance or Vakalatnama in Form No. NCLT.12 on behalf of the relevant parties.
  • No intern working for an authorized representative may examine documents or get copies of the order unless his name is on the intern register kept by a bench. The Authorized Representative must submit an application in Form NCLT.10 to register the intern.
  • Rules 66 to 88 of the Special Procedure have also been established, outlining the extra steps the applicant must take to file an application per the Companies Act of 2013. Among the extra needs are the documents listed in Annexure-B (which include copies of the bank draught for filing fees, the resolution, the balance statement, the memorandum and articles, etc.), the content of an application, the advertisement of an application, etc.
  • Within two years, an application in Form No. NCLT.9 must be submitted for the rectification of the Final Order.
  • Within 30 days, the certified copy of the NCLT order and the ₹500/-fee must be filed with ROC in Form NO. INC-28.

Frequently Asked Questions

Anybody who is aggrieved by a Tribunal ruling has the option to appeal to the Appellate Tribunal. An order rendered by the tribunal with the parties' consent is not subject to appeal to the Appellate Tribunal.

According to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), companies can file an application with the National Firm Law Tribunal (NCLT) to compel disclosures from a person who may be hiding behind many legal organizations but is thought to possess 10% or more of the firm.

It deals with situations including corporate oppression and poor management. The alleged act may be one from the past or the present. A company's former employees may also file a case.

According to Rule 21 (1), the Appellant, Petitioner, Applicant, or Respondent, as the case may be, may present the Appeal in Form NCLAT-1 in person or through a lawfully authorized representative. The following is Rule 22(1): 22. Appeal presentation.

A 30-day period is given under IBC Section 61(2) to file an appeal against an NCLT order. According to the Proviso to Section 61(2) of the IBC, NCLAT may grant an appeal that is filed after thirty days, up to a maximum of fifteen days, provided that there is a valid reason for the delay.

An appeal in civil court of any ruling or decree. Ninety days after the judgement or order's date.

Under the Companies Act of 2013, the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal was established on June 1st, 2016. Under Section 61 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, the National Company Law Tribunal issued orders that the aggrieved parties might appeal to the tribunal.

As a result, the NCLT declared that the minimum amount of default would continue to be Rs. one lakh rather than Rs. one crore in situations where the default happened before the Notification date, which is 24-3-2020, and an application for the beginning of CIRP is filed after that date.

The organization guarantees prompt resolution of business issues and contributes to the deluge of cases. The NCLT has no particular drawbacks. Thus, you can confidently approach the authority regarding matters pertaining to your organization.

An appeal is a right granted to the aggrieved party by a law or other legal action. A statute must contain a provision allowing for an appeal before it can be filed. A decree issued by a court exercising original jurisdiction is the subject of a first appeal. The High Court may or may not receive the initial appeal.





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